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in 2009 with funding from 

University of Illinois Urbana-Champaign 

Caefar Ripa of Perugia 

Explaifwd in 2z6. Figures. T^e 'iempeJt 



O R, 

i*lo?al €mWems, 

B Y 

C iE S A R R I P A 

Wherein are Exprefi'd, 

Various Images of Virtues^ Vices^ TaffionSy Arts^ 
Humour Sy Elements and Qelejlial bodies ^ 

As D E S I G N 'D by 
The Ancient Egyptians] Greeks, ^mans'^ and Modern Itdiansi 

For Orators, Focts, Painters^ Sculptors, and all Lovetsol Ingenuity : 

llluftrated with 

Three Hundred Twcnty.fix HUMANE FIGURES, 
With their c^planationu 5 

Newly defign'd, and engraven onCopper, by I. Fullir, Painter, 
And other Matters, 

By the Care and ac the- Charge of 


Printed by BenJ, MoTTe. MDCCIX. 

To the READER 

THIS Work is'Orvinf to the Noble Ideas and Fancy ofSig. Cxfar Ripa, 
an Italian, whd applied himfclf irif/j indefatigable Study to make a 
Collet ion of the Figures of the Ancient Egyptians, Greeks and 
Romans, and to produce others of his otvn and other cdehr at ed Authors 
h this Science : Thefe Images are the Reprefcntatives of cur t^otions ; they 
properly belong to Painters, who by Colours and Shadowing^ have in-vented the 
admirable Secret to give Body to our Thoughts^ thereby to render them vifible. 
The Ancients were much taken with thofe Images-, witnefs fuch variety of paint inr 
their Gods, ly irhich t^y have fo ingenionflj concealed the Myjleries- of Nature 
and Fhilofophy, jea and of Divinity and Religion. This is that Source from 
whence Potts have drawn their Fables with their Explications ; for Example, by 
the Image of Saturn they repnfented Time, which devours its own Children ; 
that is to fay, Dayr, Months and Tears. By Thundring Jove, they ftgnified 
that Tart of the Heavens where thegreatejl part of the Meteors are form'd. By 
Venus they exprefsd the Union of the Materia Prima, with the Form ; from 
whence fprings the Beauty and FerfeBion of all created Beings, &c. The 
Invention of this Science is afcrib'd to the Egyptians, />^w jr^^^tv Pythagoras 
brought it from the farthefl part, ?hlo took the great efl part of his DoBrine 
from thofe Hieroglyphic Figures. The Prophets themfelves veil'd their facred 
Oracles with Enigma's : and our Saviour himfelfcomprisd mofi of his divine 
Myperies under Similitudes and-' Parables. Thefe Emblems are very properly 
drawn under human Figures, ftnce Man, being the meafure of all things, fo like- 
wife his exteriour Form ought to be lookt upon as the meafure of the ^alities of his 
Soul. Hcreycu will find abundance of Figures and' Emblems of every thing 
imaginable ; accompanied with curious and (olid Morals^ owing to very learned 
Authors. The under/landing Perufer of this Book will meet therein Ihings not 
only to divert the Mind, tut to in(lru5i it, and to infpire him with the Love of 
Virtue, and Hatred of Vice', and to regulate his Manners, Behaviour and Con- 
duct. This Work has been printed in fix feveral Languages, and is e(lee?nd the 
hefl on the Subject of which it treats, yet extant, for the Inflru^ion of Ar lifts 
in their Study of Mtdds, Coins, Statues, Bafforelicvo^s, Paintings and Prints, 
and to helpth:ir Invention, Upon thefe Accounts it has been much defired to 
have the fame in CngUd)) T^hich now we have d)ne for the Public Benefit ,^ 
not deuhting hut that it will be acceptable to the Lovers of Art, as well as 
tnfiruclive to all forts of People whatfocvcr. 

T H i; 





A Fig. 

Bruzzo 178 
Ac^idcmy i 

53 Africa, 

28 Age in general 

7. Agriculture 

•5 Amhitien 

53 America 

3 ^zw//^ 

43 ^^f^'*, ^ 

5 Appreknfion 

46 Apulia 

Pag. Fig. 

10 ^:''j«/y 37 

..^ 6i 7"^^ Beginning 250 

Affeclion 36^ 10 B^mficcncc 40 
12 BUndnefs of Mind ^j 

39 5^^y?/>^ 1)3 

10 ^£'«;7^7 59 







6 Architecture military 

6 Ariftocracy 

6 Arithmetic 24 

7 Arrogance 26 
7 /^r^ 28 

7 Artifice 27 
5:1 4/?4 210 

8 Ajfiduitj 30 
2 Afftftance 7 
8 Ajlronomy 29 

8 Avarice 31 

9 Authority 35 
27 Autumn 108 


6 3 Banijhing ill Thoughts 


^3 Bafhfulnefs 254 

46 Calabria, 184 

46 Campania Felix 1 8 1 

69 Or(? 177 
13 Celerity 50 

12 Charity 46 

12 Chapijement 48 

12 Chaflity 45 

15 Cy^'^/^r 58 

18 Chorography 71 
68 Civil Sedition 274 
81 Civil Union 323 

1 3 Clearnefs 4^ 
y6 Comelinefs 306 

14 Commerce 5*4 
80 Common-rrealth 321 
14 QompaJIion 53 
64 Complaint to God z ^6 
14 Concord 5^ 

16 Confidence 61 

1 6 Conjugal Love 62 

19 Conscience 73 
19 Confiancy 76 

17 Contagion 6^ 

Pag. Fig. 

17 Contentment 68 
(8 Converfition 70 

18 Converfion 71 

18 Cor region 69 

19 Cofmography 74 
51 Cour telle 14.6 
10 Cozening 41 
24 Cr.^///f 77 

10 Curio ft tf 80 
17 Cuf^om 66 


60 Danger 240 

5*3 D^^;^ 2 II 

21 ZP^^f 82 
42 D^f^// 16^ 

11 Decency 81 

22 Defence 88 

22 Defence again fl Enc' 

mies 85* 

23 Delight 9X 
21 Democracy 84 

24 Dcfjgning 93 

21 De firing God 8} 
2 Defpair 5 

24 DejpifingTleafure^^ 
x^DeJpifingthe World ^6 

22 DetraBion 86 
2 2 Digejlion 87 

23 Dignity 89 

23 Diligence 91 

24 Difcretion 94 

25 Difiin^ihn 

Pag. Fig. 

ij DifiinVion 98 

1 5 Divine a/jd Immanc 
Things in conjun^ion 64 
36 Divine JujJice 142 
15 Divinity 97 

15 Dominion 99 

i6 Dominion over ones 
[elf lOi 


Pag. Fig. 

30 /v-/r//y 118 

49 Free -^11 I 195 

1 4 Frien^fhip ^^ 

"f-L Fright 288 

19 Fruitfnlnefs 116 

30 ///r; 117 

yy Eaft 
16 Education 
iy Ele^ion 
3 1 T/b^ £;7^ 
78 Equality 

27 Err OUT 
29 £//•/>/ 
20 Evening 
47 £«r<>/'f 

28 Exercise 
18 £Ar/7^ 

28 Experience 







30 Fame 119 

23 Fafling 90 

29 Feaver 1 13 

29 Felicity 115 

30 Fidelity 1 20 

31 Fierce nefs iii 
I Flattery 4 

15" Hf^w 60 

33 £//^^? 129 

S^ Folly 23d 

3 1 T^^^rr^ ofElocfuence 1 2 7 
^z Force of Jttjf ice 128 

32 Force of Love 125 
8 /^prf f <>/ f^/>/*? 320 

34 Gcnerofity 136 

34 The Genius 135 

5 AGentleDifpoJjtion 20 

' 3 5 Geography 138 

^37 G/tr/ 1 48 

3 6 G/i?r)f <?/' 4 Pr/ViTf 1 4 1 

37 Gluttony 147 

9 (7^^^ Augur e 34 

33 Good Fortune- 130 

II Good Mature 42 

3 6 C?rrff ^ of God 1 43 

^2 Grateful Rememhrance 


15: (jr/V/ loo 

37 Grcffnefs 146 


I o Happinefs 3 8 

7 Harmony 25 
3 .^ Haughty Beggar 9 

66 //^^///& 265 
13 Heaven 52 

37 Hcrefu 145 
79 Heroic Virtue 317 

38 Hiflory 151 
44 //ij/) /?i?»?^ 176 
72 //l?/'^ 287 
38 Horography 149 
40 Hofpitality 160 

67 Humane Wifdom 267 

Png. KtG. 

3 8 Humility i j 2, 

1 1 HurKourfomncfs 4 ,:| 

3 ^ Hydrogaphy 1 ^ j. 

38 Hypocrif) 150 


48 /^d-^ 

I Mfjs^.fj- 
59 Idolatry 
34 Jealoufy 
y6 Ignohlenefs 

40 Imitation 
39 Inconflancy 

41 Indocihlenefs 
41 Ingenuity 
41 In ju ft ice 

48 Infpi ration 
43 Inftitution 

4 Infiru6fion 

41 Intelligence 

42 Invention 

34 Jovialncfs 

43 Irrefolution 

43 ^'^^^y 

44 Italy and Rome 

35 Judgment 

^ 7 .7«//^ Judgment 

47 y«y?/Vff 


13 Knovkdgs 


45 Latium 

49 A League 
26 Learning 
49 Liberality 
44 Liguria 








1 6*^ 








I or 

r L^;?f 

Pag. Fig. 

8 1 Long Lift ;i4 

5:0 Locfvacity 200 

5" LcouAcitj 2 00 

5 Love f our Count r J i'^ 
65 Z.c^'tf reconciled x6i 

4 /.<7^'<? tamed 1 6 

4 Z-<;x'^ of Virtue 1 4 

49 Loyalty 194 
71 £tfr)(: 286 

50 i»y? 198 

50 Luxury 199 


6 Magnanimity 21 
55 Malice 220 
$y ManifefiWork 250 
70 Manhood 281 
45- /V4rr4 177 

51 Mathematics 201 
5 J Matrimony 219 

3 Mea[uring Height lo 

51 Meditation 201 

5 2 Medium 205 
15 Melancholy 59 
52 i'^fr/V 205 

2 /^/>/)^ 8 
78 ModeftBaJhfulnefs^ii 

52 Mode fly 207 

5-4 Monarchy 214 

19 the Morning y$ 


35 y^ Natural Day 137 

56 Nature 222 

56 Necefftty 224 

56 Negligence 223 

56 Nob i I it -j XI. I 

77 /^fl/-;^ 3G9 




57 Ohtdience 

57 Oh ligation 
^^ Oljlinacy 
26 G economy 
SJ fence 

58 Opinion 





54 Original of Love 213 

59 Tarftmon) 
5*9 Patience 

54 /'fj^^ 

55 Penfwenefs 
II Penury 

S7 Per fee} Work 

60 Perfect on 
5 8 Perjecution 
Co Perfuafion 
31 rhilofofhj 
51 Phjfick 

61 Piety 
SS rieafmg 

I r/^;?/; 
61 F^<r/jr 
^3 Poetical Fury 
61 Poverty 

61 Practice 
50 Fr^;/? 
57 f'r^^fr 

62 Precedence 
16 Prefrvation 
61 Prodigality 

63 Prcfperity 
70 Printing 
63 Prudence 
66 Pure Air 

.63 Purity 













Pag. Fig. 


17 barrelling 67 


5- /4 Rational Soul 1 7 

64 /?^4/i?;? 2 5 $ 

64 Reafon of State 258^ 

64 Rebellion 257 

65 Reformation 261 
65" Religion 260 
72 Renown 289 
62 Rovard 247 
8q Rhetoric 319 

66 /?/T/4/y 264 
45 Romania i&o 
39 Rome eternal 154 

66 Rumour z6y 


r 5* Sanguin 57 

48 Sardinia 19^0 

57 Scandal 268 

67 Science 269 

31 Scourge of God 123 

68 Scrupuloufnefs 272 
68 Secrecy 271 
•JO Security 280 

4 Seraphic Love 1 5 

68 Servitude 273 

69 Severity 276 
79 Short Life 318 
^S Sicily 189 
59 5/» .237 
69 Sincerity 255- 
77 6'f>«/^ 307 
17 6'^n>^ 1 05 
71 /f^/?;'? 290 

32 Strength iz<^ 

74 StriSfmfs 

The T A 


L E 







74 StriSfmfs 


1 74 Theory 


40 Umhria 


60 StMbhornefs 


. 42 Tracing 


42 Undauntcdncfs 


75 Study 


75- Tr^^f^^ 


9 C^wtf^ 


73 Stupidity 

294 75 ^'^w^^ 


ZoUiifiict Life 


69 Succour 

278 75 Tuition 


7 4 Suffer ir}g 


40 Tufcany 



yi Summer Solji ice 



73 Warlike Stratagems 

81 Super ft ition 




71 Suftenancc 


75 r^/^ftr 


77 Weft 


y6 Swift mfs 


y6 Vanity 


8t f^ffry// 


70 Symmetry 


78 r^-r/Vj 


47 J^Z/z/^r 


51 Via cry 


7 1 fr/;?;fr Solftice 



44 Vicarious Rome 


67 ff^z/^^wi 


10 r^AT 


78 Vigilance 


45 //&(f World 


73 Temper dYice 


79 Virginity 


33 ^^-'^/^ 


79 F»r«f 



74 r^^i'/c^^r 


8 ;z Virtuous A^ion 32 1 

35 r(»«f^ 




illegal €mblem0* 

Fig, I. Abondanza : T L E N T Y. 
\ Eeautiful Woman crownd with a Garland, in a green Gown 
/\ cmbroider'd; with a CormcofU in her Hand. She is no leCs 
amiable for her Beauty, than her Contrary, iVant, is deformd and 


The Garland denotes Chcarfulncfs, and the Mirth that do infeparably 
iccompany her. The Ccrnucofia is an Emblem of the Affluence of all 
things neccfl'ary to human Life. 

Fig. 2. Academia : A C A D E M 1. 
A Lady of a manly heroic Arped, having a Crown of Gold, a parti- 
colour'd Garment, a File in her right Hand, and a Garland in her lefc. 

Her mafcuhnc Countenance denotes folid iind profound J udgme fit; the 
Crown of pure Gold, the refining of Notions by Experiments ; the various 
Colours, the variety of Sciences in an Academy ; the File, the plijhing 
of pieces, and freeing them from Superfluities; the Garland, Honour to 
thofe who excel. 

F 1 c j« Accidia : IDLENESS. 
An old Hag cloth'd in Rags, fitting in a carelefs poilure upon a Stone, 
leaning her Head upon her left Hand, with a Torpedo Fifli on her Knee. 
The Motto is TORPETINSBS. She leans her right Elbow on her Knee, 
inclining her Head, which is bound about with a black C-cth. 

She is defcrib'd old, bccaufe at that Age, Strength and Acitvitj to wo^k,' 
begin to fail ; her Rags denote that Idlenefs produces Pcv- y; the black 
Cloth about her Head figniiies her fenfekfs Thoughts; :i;e Fifli that fo 
benumsthc Hand, whether it be touch'd with a Cord ci Nett, that it is 
unfit for any Bufinels, lliews her Sloth and Averfion to Lahcur, intimated 
by the Motto. 

Fig. 4. Adiilatione ; F L A 7 7 E ^^ 
A Woman in an afledcd wanton Habit, playing upon a Flute ; a Buck 
at her Feet fad afleep, with a Bec-hive by her fide. 

The Buck denotes Flattery, becaule he is fo charm'd with MuOj, that 
he lets himfclf he taken. The Bees are a true Emblem of it, carrying 
Hony in their Mouth, and a jaret Sting. 



2 ^ml <!?tnbltins. 

F I G. 5. Affmno : D E S T A 1 % 
A forrowful Man in Rags; with both Hands he opens his Bread, ani 

looks upon his Heart encompafs'd with Serpents ; his Garment is blackilli. 
The Rags Ihcvv him to mdervaluc and negUli himftlf. His open Brcafl:, 

and the Serpents, denote the Trouble and Vexation of Worldly Things, 

always gnawing the Heart. 

Fig. 6. Agricolturat A G ^I CU irU^E. 

A Woman with a homely Country-face, but comely notvvithftanding, 
in a green Gown, crown'd with a Garland of Ears of Corn, holding the 
Zodiack in her kk Hand, and a Shrub in her right ; a Plow-fliarc at her 

The verdant Robe (ignifies Hope^ without which no body would labour. 
The II Signs declare the different Scafons, which the Tiller ought to 
cbfervej the Plough, the mod neceffarj fnftrumenc in Agriculture. 

Fig. 7. Ajnto : ASSISTANCE. 

A Man in White, and over all a purple Mantle; a Ray (liining round 
him, crown'd with a Garland of Olive; a Chain about his Neck, and a 
Heart, for a Pendent; his right Arm extenJed, and his Hand open; in 
his left a Stake furrounded with a Vine, and at his right is a Stork. 

His Age intimates his Difcretion; not being intent upon Avarice, m 
giving his Helping-Hand. The white Raiment (hews Shceritj without 
Sclf-lntereft The fplendid Ray denotes Divine Affiftancey without which 
as the Wife without the Husband, it is like the Vine without the Stake: 
The Stork, the Natural Affcdion o^ Pannts towards their Children. 

F 1 G 8. Allegrezza : U I <^7 H. 

A Youth with jolly, plump Cheeks, a white Raiment, painted with 
green Branches, Flowers red and yellow, with a Garland of feveral 
Flowers ; a Cryllal-Glafs full of Claret, in one Hand, and in the other 
a gold Cup, and feems to dance in a flowery Meadow. 

riorars naturally import a jovial Humour ; and we fay, the Fields 
jmile, when cover'd with Flowers. The Glafs, and golden Goblcr, 
llicw that Mirth is rarely alone, but 'w^good Fellcrvfliip, 




i00o?ai emblems. 

- 5^!terezza in perfona nata povera civile: 

l-iG. 9. ^^ HAUGHTr 1^BGGA% 

A Damfel, blind, with a lofty Countenance, in a pompous red Mantle 
adorn'd with (cveral Jewels, under which is a poor Petticoat; having a 
Peacock under her right Arm, holding up her left, (landing with one Foot 
upon a Bowl, and with the other feems to precipitate hcrlelf. 

The red Garment, the Hut of BlooJ caufing Ambition ; the pitiful 
Petticoat, that the haughty at the Bottom have nothing worthy Ellcem. 
Her Polture Ihews the tuUiJh Place ilie is in, and like to fall into Mifery. 

Fig. 10. Altimetria : TAK^lKG A HEIGHT 

A young Lady in a proper Pollure, holds with both her Hands a 
Geometrical Quadran, taking the Height of a Tower. 

Young, becaufe Daughter of Geometry, obfcrving all the Meafurcs 
taught by it ; all other Circumftances are fpecihcd in Geometry : the 
Inftruments, at her Feet, are us'd in Surveying. 

Fig, 11. Ambicione : A M S I T I N. 

A Virgin all in green, with Ivy Branches, looking as if flie would 
leap over a ciaggy Rock, at the Top of which are Scepters and Crowns, 
attended by a Lion lifting up his Elcad. 

The Ivy, denotes /iw^///V> always climbing higher and higher, fpoiling 
the Walls ; the Ambitious Iparing neither Country, Religion, nor 
Counfellours, lo he may become greater than others The Lion, Fn^^. 

Fig. 12. Amicita: F (]l 1 E N D S H I ^. 

She wears a plain white Robe, her left Shoulder is naked, with a 
Garland. She holds a iieart in her ri^^Jit Hand, delights to go barefoot, 
and grafps a withered FJm incirclcd with a Vine. 

Her Livery is white, and her Garment void of all Ornamcnr. denoting 
her Freenefs wiihcut Arti/ce ; her bare Feet, her undergoing ^W Hdrdllips 
to fcrve her Frined The dry Elm cmbrac'd, lliews that tricndlhip ought 
to appear in Advcrjity, as well as Profpcrity. 

iv ' 



4 fS0oita €nx\Atn\&. 

Fig. I]. Ammaeftrammcnco : 7N5T(?J MCT/ON. 

A Man of a venerable Afpcd, in a long Robe, with a Miroir in his 
Hand, furroundcdwithaScrowl with thcle Words, IMSF/CE, CAUTUS 

The long Robe (liews continud Bttjinefs. The Glafs intimates that our 
A(3ions Ihould be accommodated to thofe of other Men, to render 'cm 
praifcvvorthy ; as the Motto declares, which advifestocaft an Eye upon 
our own Faults, fo that finding Bkmifhes in ourfelves, we may endeavour 
to clear ourfelves of 'em. 

Fig. 14. Amor di Virtu: LOVE OF VIRTUE. 

A naked Youth, wing'd, with four Garlands of Laurel ; one on his 
Head, and three others in his Hands ; becaufe that of Virtue furpaflcs all 
other Loves. 

The Laurel-Garlands fignifies the Honour due to Virtue, and that the 
Love of it is incorrupible, and never fading. 

Fig. 15. Amore verfo Iddio : SE%AfHlC LOVE. 

A Man in a reverend Pofture, and plain Drefs, with his Face lifted up 
ro Heaven, which he points at with his left Hand, and with his right 
Ihcws his Brcaft open. 

His plain Drefs fliews that he is a mortal Enemy to Luxury ; his 
looking up, that his Contemplations are divine \ his Bread p/>^;j, tliac 
he fpeaks what he thinks. 

Fig. 16. Amor domato : LOVE TAME T>. 

A Cupid fitting, his Flambeau being burnt out, he tramples on his 
Bow and Arrows, an Hour-Glafs in his right Hand, and in his left a 
Didapper almofl pin'd to Death. 

The two lad things declare that Time and Poverty arc the moft capable to 
extinguifh Love ; for this Bird is faid to be fo very weak, that Ihe is not 
able to build hcrfclf a Ncft, but hatches in fomc Ncft of other Birds. 

, Seraphu.'Z, 


5 !^o?al Cinbltins* 

Fig. 17. Animaragioncvole, ebcau: A %Al lOK AL 


A lovely Damfcl , her Face cover'd with a rranfparcnt Veil, her 
Garment is bright and dazling ; Wings on her Shoulders, and over her 
Head a Star. 

Lovely (he is bccaufc form'd by the C-'cator, Fountain of all Beauty, 
according to his oivn Image. Her Veil denotes her invifihle to human 
Eyes. She is the (ubftantial Form of the Body, only di(cernable by 
exteriour Actions. Her Garment, her Purity and ?erfe6lion ; the Star, 
the ImmcftAit-j of the Soul Her Wings denote her Cekrity in fpiritual 

Fig. 18. Amordclla Patria : LOVE Of OU^ COUNT(^. 

A vigorous young Warriour, {landing upright, amidll Flame and 
vSmoak, on which he looks with a refolute Countenance ; carries a Crown 
in each Hand, and being juft upon the brink of a Precipice, yet marches 
courageoufly over Spears, and tramples upon naked Swords. 

He is youthful, becaufe his Strength increafes with his Years, (whereas 
with all other Loves it is quite contrary.) The Crown of Grafs denotes 
HcnouYy for it was given to fomc for delivering their Country, and the 
Oaken one for faving a Life : The Precipice, that a publick-fpirited 
Man apprehends no Dariger for the Love of his Country* 

Fig. 19. Apprehcnfiva: JfT^EHENSJON. 

A young Lady of a middle Stature, all in white, brisk and adive, 
difpos'd to lift en to another fpeaking; a Camelion in one Hand, and a 
Miroir in the other. 

Youth denotes her Aptnefs to apprehend and learn, middle Stature, 
denotes the fame ; for the upper Rooms are always worft: furnifli'd, fpoken 
of a very Tall perfon : White, becaufe it is the Ground of all Colour ; on 
tiptoe, fhews the Re^dinefs Ihe is in to learn and underftand ; the Glafs 
becaufe Ihe imprints on herfelf, and makes all /lie hears and/^j her own. 

P 5^^'"^^ P'^c^^^^^» trattabile, &amorcvole: 


A Child mounted on a Dolphin is a true Emblem of an aflable courteous 
Difpofrtion ; becaufe the Dolphin loves and carefles a Man out of meer 
Inftin^, rather than Interell or finifter Defign ; as (everal ancient Hiftories 
inform us. 



6 ^mi emblems. 

Fig 21. Archiceaiiia milicire : }\i 1 L IT A ^Y 

A Woman of ripe Years, in a noble Garment of divers Colours ; a 
gold Chain about her Neck, with a Diamond ; in one Hand the Mariners 
Compafs, in the other the Defcription of an hexagon Foriification ; a 
S^.vallow on her Fifl, a Pickax and a Spade at her tcct. 

The parti-colour'd Ve/tmems denote the Underdanding of divers 
Contrivances in this Art. The golden Chain and Diamond, denote 
Dur.ihility, and Exrsllency; fcr Fortification is the bed Jewel of Princes, 
Icc'jring them from Enemies. The Swallow is remarkable for the arfjicial 
building her Ncft. 

Fig. 2 2. Ardiremagnanimo, ^generofo : MAGNANIMin 

A young Man of a healthy, robull Stature, with a lofty Alpcdt, 
holding with his right Arm, briskly, the Tongue of a Lion, which he 
preO'cs with his Knee. 

It alludes to the magnanimous Adi-^n of Lyfim^chus, who, to free 
himfelf out of the hard Durance of a Prifon, bcgg'd he might be devour'd 
by a Lion, which he overcame in this manner. 

Fi(f.25. Ariftocratia: J^ISrOC^tlJCY. 

A Lady in her prime, in a fplcndid Habit, fitting majeflically in a 
fumptuous Chair, a Crown of Gold on her Head, holds in her right 
Hand a Bundle of Rods bound together, and a Garland of Laurel ; 
and, in her left, a Head piece; on her right Side is a Bafon, and a Purfe 
full of Gold and precious Jewels, and on her left an Ax. 

Her Age fiiews her PerfeSlion, and Judgment, to execute whatfoever 
concerns the Commonwealth. Her Garment and Chair of State, her 
Nobility and Dignity, in token whereof (lie wears a Crown of Gold. 

Fig Z4. Aiicmetica : ARITHMETIC 

A beautiful Lady, her Garment is of different Colours, with various 
mufical Notes, and in the Skirts is written PAR & /MPJR, Even and 
Odd, and in her left Hand the Numeration-Table. 

Her Handfomnefs denotes the Beauty of all Things refults from Her, 
for God made all Things in Number^ Weight and Measure. Her pcrfedl 
Age, (hews the PerfeBion of this Art. The various Colours lliew that 
(lie gives Principles to all Parts of MathcQiatics. 


7 C0ml €mb\tn\S. 

Fig. 15. AimonLi : H A % U Kit. 

A bcaiititul Qiiccn with a Crown on her Head, ghttering with precious 
Stones, aBafc-Violin one Hand, and a Bow, to play with, in the other. 

Her Crown dcmonllrates her Ewftre over all Hearts, every one being 
wilhng to lend an Eur to her Conforts ; like OrpL'us, who, by his 
fi^ichnlcus Tiines, made the very Rocks [crfible, and the very Trees to 

'Fig. 16, ArrogAnza: A <^% G A K C E. 

A Lady clothed wich a green Garment, with Aflcs Ears, holding under 
her left Arm a Peacock, and extending the right Arm, points with her 

Arrogance afcribes to itfclf what is not its own, theiefore it has the 
Ears ot an .ifs , for this Vice proceeds from Stupidity and Ignorance. 
The Peacock Ihews I'duiiig ones felf, and dc[pifing others. 

F 1 G. 27. Arcificio : ARTIFICE, 
A comely Man, whofe Garment is richly embroider'd ; he lays his 

Hand upon a Screw of perpetual Motion, and by his right flievvs a 

Hive of Bees. 

He is nobly clothed, becaufe Art is nohic of it felf.. His Hand upon 

the Screw iliews that Engines have been contriv'd by Indujlry^ that by 

them, incredible Things, like the perpetual Motion, have been /'^r/^^rwV. 

The Hive declares the Indufir) o{\\\zBecs, which,bcing very inconfiderabic, 

are, neverthelefs, great as to their Conduct. 

Fig. 28. Arte 5 A %T. 

An agreablc Woman, feems to be ingenious by her very Looks, in a 
green Gown ; in her right Hand a Hammer, an engraving Tool, and a 
Pencil ; holding in her left Hand, a Stake that fupports a Vine. 

The agreable Countenance declares the Charms of Art, attrading all 
Eyes upon it, and cauilng the Author to be approvd and commended. The 
three fnftruments arc for intimating Nuture : the Stak® fupplks Nature's 
.Defed:s, in holding up the tender Plane. * 



8 ^ml €n\\Atu\&. 

Fig 19. Aftronomia: AST<IlONOMr. 

A Lady in a flarry Habic, her Eyes looking up to Heaven; in her 
right Hand holding an Aftrolabc, and in her left a Table of Aftronomical 

Her Garment denotes the Night w^/? proper to fee the Stars ; her Eyes, 
and Thoughts always elevated, and intent, upon celeflial Bodies. The 
Adrolabc mcafures the Diftancc of them; the Table fliews its Difference 
from Ajhologj. 

Fig. jo. Affiduita: A S S I D U I T T. 

An ancient Woman, holding in both her Hands an Hour-glals; and 
on one Side of her is a Rock, furrounded with a Branch of Ivy. 

The Age denotes that Time labours continually to dedroy us, and 
therefore ihe holds an Hour-glafs, which requires her Dihgence in turning, 
or often moving it, left ic ftop. 

Fig. ; !• Avaritia : A V A <^1 C E. 

An old Woman, palc-fac'd, lean and melancholy, her Pain makes her 
lay one Hand upon her Belly, yet feems to devour a Purfe, with her 
Eyes, which (lie grafps in the other, accompanied only with an hunger- 
ftarv'd Wolf. 

Her Palenefs proceeds from her Envy, that torments her, to fee her 
Neighbour richer than herfelf. Her Eyes are fix'd on her Purfe, it being 
her chief Delight, The Wolf denotes the voracious Humour of the covetous, 
who would have other mens Goods by hook or by crook. 

Fig. 92; Attione virtuofa : A Vl^UOUS ACTION. 

A Man of a lovely Afpedl, his Head (urrounded with refplendent Rays, 
hatha Mantle embroider'd, holds a Spear in one Hand, ftruck into a 
Serpent's Head, and in the other a Book, and tramples on a Death's 

His Comelinefs declares his Interiors, a virtuous Man never degenerates. 
Arm'd, becaufe always upon his Guard againft f^ke, and therefore, the 
Serpent lies Jead. The Book Ihews that Learning, join d with Arms, 
makes a M^n famous, and for QWQtrenoTvnd. 

y^rtumu S^. 

9 iT3o?ai embicuis. 

Fig. 5J. Auttorita, o Potefta'; AUTHO^lTt 
A Matron fcatcd in a noble Chair, richly clothed, with a Gold 

imbroidcr'd Garment, holding a Sword in her right Hand, a double 

Trophy of Books and Arms by her Side. 

Her Age denotes Authority, as does the Throne; her fplcndid Habit, 

ihc Preeminence Pcrfonsin Authority have ever others. The Sword lifted 

up lliews zhc fcvefei^n Poirer; the Scepter, a hsidgc oi Authority. 

Fig. 34. Auguf io buono : GOOD AUGU(!ir. 

A young Man all in green, a Star over his Head, hugging a Swan. 

Green is a Token of Hope, and confequcntly of good Lucky becaufe 
Grecnnefs promifes a plentiful Crop. The Star denotes ^c^^ Succefs, and 
riot to be born under a three-penny Planet. The Whitenels of the Swati. 
is a Sign of good Luck, as a black Crow betokens bad. 

Fio. J 5. Benevolcnza, & Unionc matrimonialc. UNION, 

A comly Lady crown d with Vine and Elm Leaves ; Her left Arm 
demonftrates fome courteous Adion, and her right the Tendernefs to a^ 

The Vine and the Elm are Emblems o^ mutual Union, by reafon of 

ihe natural Sympathy between them 

Nee melius teneris junguntur vitihus ulmis. 
The Halcyon or Kings-fillier, alludes to a Woman cali'd Halcyone, who, 
dreaming that her Husband, whom fhe loved dearly, was dead at Sea^ 
threw hcrfelf headlong into it for Grief. Martial 

F I G. 36. Benevolenza o Affcttione ; AFFECTION. 

A comly ancient Lady, vving'd, holding in her Hands a Woodcock, 
at her Feet is k Lizard. 

Her Age flicws that fhc is conflant ; wing'd, beeaufe AfTedion is 
produc'd in ^n /njiant. The Cock and Lizard are Emblems of Goodwil, 
by InflinEl. Her Pofture (hews that Benevolence between t'vo a long time, 
becomes, at laft, om true Fricndjhip, 



lo ^6inl emblems. 

Fi G. ;7. Bcllezza: ^ E J U 7 Y, 
A Lady hiding her Head in the Clouds, and the reft of her Body is 
fcarcc vifiblc, by rcafon of chc Splendour that environs her. She ftrecchcs 
one out of cIk Light, with a Lilly, and holds cut a Ball and 
Compaiics with the other. 

Her Head in the Clouds (hews that nothing is more impoffwle to be 
d chrd, nor nothing hfs kfiorn, being a Ray of Divinity. The Lilly 
denotes Be.wty, tlic Ball and Compalles denote that Beauty confifts in 
AIc\if:<re and Proportion. The Flower moves the Scnfes, and recreates the 
Spirits ; fo docs Love move the Soul to Enjoyment. 

Fig. ^8. Bcatimdine : HJ^TINESS. 

A Lady (liedding doleful Tears on a Heart (lie holds in her Hand. 

E/f(fcd are the pnre in Heart. Tl>e Purity of the Heart is Innocence^ 
which is the Purity of the Soul, not taken up with evil Thoughts. Tears 
are the foverain Medicine for the Ulcers of the Heart, The white Lamb 
at her Feet, is Purity and Innocence. 

Fig. J9. Bcnignita : ^ U N T I. 

A noble Lady cloth'd in sky-colour'd Apparel, with Stars of Gold : 
(he prefles her Duggs with both Hands, from which flows abundance of 
Milk, which fcveral Animals drink up; on her left SidQ is an Altar witb 
Fire kindled upon it. 

The (queezing. her Breads declares Si'//;?// towards Subjedls; thesky- 
colour,d^. frtews that it ought to be exercis'd without any ircrldly intcrcfl ; 
the Alter, that it ought to be fhewn upon the account of Religion^ therein 
im i t a t in g God himfalf. 

Fig 40. Bcnificio: SENIFICENCE. 

A young Man with a chearful Countenance, almoft naked, only he 
has a (larry Mantb to cover his Secrets ; he lifts up his right Arm, and 
holds in the Palm of his Hand the three Graces; on his Wnft arc a pair 
of Wings, he holds in that Hand a Chain of Gold, declaring to make a. 
Pre fen c of it 

Young, becaufc the Remembrance of Bencffrs fliould never wax old. 
Handibm, bccauRi Bcnificcncc pleafes every body. Naked, bccaufe ic 
lliould be void oi Intcrcfl and Vain-glory. His Arm open denotes his 
tieadi/^gratify ; the Gold Chain, that Bcnificence f;!-'.f and oUix^^s, 

Fig 41. Biigia: C Z E K m G. 

A homely young Woman, wearing a changeable colour'd Garment, 
•with (cvcral fores ot Masks and Tongues, with a wooden Leg, holding a 
Wify of Straw hghtcd in one Hand, 

She is young but ugly, bccaufe it is z fcrvile Vice, not admitted into 
ingenuous Converfation. Her Habit denotes her Art of making one 
believe what is mt tru:. The Masks and Tongues demonHrate the 
Incorjflancy of a Chdit ; the Wifp, that as it is foon kindled, Tiwd foon out, 
fo it is Z'^^;? difcover'd ; the wooden Leg, .that flic cannot come home to 
her Bufmefs, but makes (bme Umc Excufe. 

F 1 G. 41. Bonra : GOOD NATURE, 
This Nymph wears a Robe of Cloth of Gold, a Garland of Rue, 
iier Eyes fix'd on Heaven, has a Pelican in her Arms, and by her Side a 
green Tree blofloming by a River. 

The Cloth of Gold denotes her ExcellefJcy ; the Garland of Rue her 
being an Antidote againll /'// Defigns, as that Herb is againft Inchantmenis 
and l^enom. The Pelican, Charity ; for it nouriflies its Young with its ovrn 
Siood. The green Tree fignifies a good Man planted by the River-Side. 

Fig. 4^ Careftia : <P E KU <S^r, 

A lean Dame, in a pitiful Habit, holding a Branch of Willow in one 
Hand, and a Pumice-done in the other; with a lean Cow by her Side. 

Lean, intimates the Effed of wanting Things neceflary ; the Pumice, 
and the Sallow-Oick, Sterility, which is the principal Caufe of Penury ; 
and the Cow is one olPharaos lean ones, alluding to the Dream interpreted 
hy Jofeph. 

Fig. 44. Capriccio: HUMOURS M ENE S S. 

A young Spark in a Garment of various Colours, with a little Cap 
on his Head, like his Cloths, (luck with Feathers of fcveral Colours , 
Bellows in one Hand, and a Spur in the other. 

This capricious Fellow would be Jingalar : His Youth fliews his 
Inconftancj ; his Habit his FicUenefs. His Cap fliews, that fuch variety 
of unaccountable Adions are principally in the Phancy. The Spur and 
Bellows, his Pronenefs to /^r^z/f other Mens Virtue, or to vent f ricking 
Scoffs againll their Vice. 


r* ^o?ax CmbUinsi. 

F I G. 45. Caftita : CHASTITY. 

A modcH honcft-fac'd Woman, holding a Whip in one Hand, as if 
'flie would corrcd herfelf ; with a white Robe ; on her Girdle is written 
CASIIGO CORFUS MEl/M, I cha/lifc my Bod^ ; at her Feet Cupd lies 
conqucrd, with his Bow broken, and blinded. 

The Whip denotes Ckifltfcment ; the Cupid with his Bow broken, that 
fio Concupitcencc has Dominion over her. 

Fig. 46. Carita: C B A %m 
A all in red, a Flame on the Crown of her Head, with an 
Infant (bckmg, in her left Arm, and two other (landing up, one of which 
IS cmbrac'd with the right. 

The red Colour denotes Charity ; the Spoufc, in the Canticles^ was 
pleas'd with it in her Beloved. The Flame fignifies that Charity is never 
idle, but ahrap acHve. The three Children fliew the trifle Power of 
ChArity, for Faith and Hope, without her, fjgnifie nothing. 

Fig. 47. Cecita'dellamentc/ SLINVNESS of tk 


A Lady cloth'd in green, (landing in a Meadow full of various Flowers, 
her Head inclin'd, and a Mole by her Side. 

The Mole intimates Blittdnefs ; her Head inclin d towards fading 
Flowers, rrorldly Delights, which allure and bufie the Mind to no purpofe; 
for whatever the flattering World promifes, yet all is but a Clod of 
Earth, cover'd, not only under the falfe Hope of (hort Pleafures, but 
with many Dangers, all our Days. 

Fig. 48. Caftlgo: CHASTISEMENT. 

A fcvcre furious Fellow, with an Ax in one Hand, as much as to fay, 
lie v;ill give but one Blow, and a Lion by him worrying a Bear. 

The Ax is a Token o^Chaflifement the wofi fevere, as is the Lion in that 
Podurc. The King of Tencdos made a Law, That whofoever committed 
Adultery, (liould be beheaded with an Ax^ and did not fpare his own 
Son. ^ 



F 1 G. 49. Chiarezza : C L E A (I^N E S S^. 

A naked \'outh of a noble A('pcd-, (urrounded with a great Splendor, 
and Bri^hcncls, wich the Sun in his Hand. 

His Youth Hkws him acceptable to every body, and is faid to be 
iliuflrious like the Sun, chat illu?mndtcs every thing in the World. 

Fig 50. Cderica : C E L E (I^ IT t 

A Woman with a Thunderbolt in her right Hand, a Dolphin by her 
Side, and a Hawk flying in the Air. 

The Moral is obvious, all thofc Things being naturally very qttick, 
in their Motion, which w^ell exprcdeth Celerity. 

Fig. 51. Cognitione : I^K W L E J) G E. 

She holds a Flambeau in one Hand, and a Book, open, in the other, 
on which fhe (cems very intent, by pointing at it. 

The Flambeau (hews, that as the corporeal Eyes have need of Light, 
(b have the Eyes of the ^^»/ to attain Knowledge, which the Book denotes; 
becaufe, by looking into it ourfelves, or hearing it read, the Knowledge 
of Things are produc'd in us. 

Fig. 52. Cielo: H E A V E K. 

A young Man of a noble Afped, in an Imperial Habit, full of Stars, 
with a Scepter in his right Hand, and in the left a Flamc-pot, with a 
Heart in the middle, that confumes not ; upon the right Pap, a Sun, the 
Mcon on the left; his Girdle is the Zodiac, a Crown adorn'd with 
Jewels on his Head, and golden Buskins on his Legs. 

Young, becaufe he will endure, and never grow old, as the Heart alfo 
fignifies. The Sun and Moon denote Heaven-. The Golden Cothurni 
Qaew his Incorrupihility. 


14 ^ml emblems* 

Fig. 5 }. Compaffione : COMTASSIOK 

A Woman holding a Pelican's Ned in her kk Hand, who, piercing her 
Bread, Teems to fuck Ic her young ones with her Blood ; and extends her 
Hand in a compalTionace manner, to bedow Charity on the indigent- 

The Pelican is a true Emblem of Cc^p^iJJiorj, for ihc never dirs from her 
young, and when Nouri'.hment fails, (lie feeds them with her own Blood. 
Her extended Hand denotes her Readimfs to relieve with her own Subdance. 

Fig. 54. Commertio della Vita humana : COMMENCE 

A Man with his Fore-finger pointing at two Mill-dones danding by 
him, a Stork in his right Arm, and a Buck at his Feet. 

The two Stones denote Affion, and Commerce, for, being double, the 
one can do nothing without the other, nor grind any Corn alone. The 
Storks help one another in flying, and the Bucks in fwimming. 

Fig. 55. Confermatione de I'Amicitia: F1{IENT)SHIV. 

A Youth crown'd with a Garland of fcveral Flowers, in a green, loofc 
Garment, holding a Crydal Vafe, in his right Hand, full of Claret, which 
he offers with a fccming Cheerfulnefs. 

His Garland and Habit are Signs of Cheerfulnefs, and denote the 
Cheerfuhefs in thofc thac ufijte. The Cup is a Token o{ Fricndjhip, Men 
drinking oncanothcrs Healths, as was the old Cudoni. 

Fig. 56. Concordia : C K C ^D. 

A grave beautiful Lady, in an antique Drcfs, holding, in her right 
Hand, a Bafm, with a Heart, and a Pomegranate, in it, and a Garland 
of Fruits and Flowers on her Head, and in her left, a Scepter, on the 
Top of which arc various Flowers and Fruits 

The Heart and Pomegranate denote Concord, bccaufe the Pomegranate 
is full of little Grains, clofcly united, bcfides, the Pomegranates love 
one another to that Degree, thac if the Roots be feparatcd, they mutually 
twid together again. 


0^2222^ ,^ 

15 i^o;iai Ciublcmsi* 

COMPLESSIONI; Tfcr Complexions. 

Fig. 57. Sanguigno, per TAria: S A K G U 1 K. 

A jovial Spark with a Garland of various Flowers, with fair Hair, 
and a due Mixture of white and red, in his Checks, playing on a Lute; 
on one Side of h m a Mountain-Goat, with a Bunch of Grapes in his 
Mouth, and a Mufrc-Bookin the other. 

His Youth, Garland, and fmiHng Countenance, denote him o^ [anguin 
Complexion; his temperate Blood producing fubtlc Spirits, whence 
Laughter, and Love o^Mufic : The Goat, and Grapes, his being inclin'd 
10 ycnerj ^nd Bacchus, 

Fig. 58. CoUeiico, per il Fuoco : C H L E % 

A meagre Youth of a fallow Colour, with a haughty Look, being 
almoft naked, holds a drawn Sword in his right Hand; on one Side a 
Shield, with a Flame in the middle, and a fierce Lion on the other. 

Lean, becaufe Heat predominates, which the Shield denotes ; his 
yellow Colour fliews his Cholcr; the drawn Sword, his Haftinefs 10 fight \ 
his Nakedness, that his impetuous PafTion does not fufler him to provide 
for himfclf : the Lion, his Animojitj, 

Fig. 59. Malenconico, per la Terra : 'MELANCHOLY. 

Of a brown Complexion, placing a Foot upon a Cube, holds, in his 
left Hand, a Book open, as if he would (ludy; his Mouth is mufled ; 
in his right Hand a Purfe clo(c fliut, and, on his Head, a Sparrow. 

The Muzzle denotes Silence, proceeding from CooIne(s ; the Book, 
intclancholy Men addided to fiudji The Sparrow, SoUtarinefs, it not 
converfing with other Birds ; the Purfe, Covetoufn^fs, reigning amongft 
melancholy Men. 

F I G. 60. Flemmatico, per TAcqua : T H L E G M. 

A grofs Man, pale-fac'd, fitting in a Fur-Gown, clapping both Hands 
into his Bofom, his Head on one fide bound up with a black Cloth, 
almoft covering his Eyes, and a Tortoifc by him. 

His Grofnels proceeds from CoUmfs and Mot ft are ; the Fur of the Otter, 
it being a flegmatic Animal; His Head inchn'd, his Dttlnefs ; like the 
Tor:ciI(b\ hN Side, hrcTr/.k h y n /?;-^ Crcn^Lirc. 


1 6 id^ojai euibUius. 

Fig. 6i. Confidenza : CONFIDENCE. 

A Womnn with her Hair hanging about her Ears, bearing up a Ship 
with both her Hands. 

The Ship fl-icws that alcho' the Sea be ccrriblc. yet ilie is confident that. 
by the help of this Ship, (lie may trufihcr felf with that barbarous Element, 
threatning Ruin and Deftrudion. 

Fig. 6 1. Concordia maritale : CONJUGAL LOVE. 

A Man at a Woman's right Hand, both clad in purple ; one Gold-Chain 
incircles both their Necks, having a Heart for a Pendant, fupported only 
by one Hand of each. 

l^he Chain denotes Matrimon-j, ordainM by Nature, and the Divine 
Law, which would have the Husband and Wife to be one Fleihand Bone, 
not to be fcparatcd but by Death. 

Fig. 65. Conrervatione: 9 <IiES E^VATION. 

A Lady all in Cloth of Gold, with an Olive^Garland on her Head, in 
one Hand a Sheaf of Millet, in the other a Golden Circle. 

The Gold and Olive fignifie Prefervation ; this from Contagion, the 
other not being fubjec^ to be corrupted. The Circle, the Duration of 
Things, which, by a circular Tranfmutation, are preferv'd. 

cCongiuntione dclle cofe Humane con le Divine ; 
tiG. 64. j^j)mNE and HUMANE THINGS in ConjunBion. 
A Man proltrate on his Knees, his Eyes turn'd up to Heaven, and 
mod humbly clafps, with both his Hands, a Gold Chain, hanging down 
from Heaven, and a Star. 

The Chain fignifies the faid Conjuncfion, and the Chain whereby God 
is pleas'd to draw Men to himfelf, and raife the Mind to Heaven. 




\r %t^^t^ emblems. 

Fig. 65. Conugione: CONtJGION, 
A young Maid, ficnder, pale, in a mourning, pitiful Habit ; flie holds 
a Walnut-Branch in one Hand, and lays the other on a Bafilisk, with a 
terrible Afpcdt: on the oth«r fide is a Stripling, languid, and fickly, 
lying half dead upon the Ground. 

Young, becaule wore lubjec^ to Infedtion, by difordcrly living, and 
Carelefners. Pale and hiniuid, denotes the f^/rulefjcy, confuming by 
degrees ; the Habit, the doleful Condition of the infeded, ending often in 
Death. The Bough denotes Contagion, as does the Bafilisk, whofe very 
Bi'cath, and Look, is contAgious. 

F ! G. 66. Confuetudine : CUSTOM. 

An ancient Man in a walking Pofture, with a grey Beard, leaning on 
a Staff; with a Label infcnbd FIRES AC^^i^IRlT EUMDO -, with a 
Burden of Muficallnflrumcnts, andaGrindftoneby him. 

His Age (hews, that the more he advances in Time, the A'"'*'^'' does he 
{land, intimated by the Motto; to which agrees the Grindftonc alfo, for 
if it be not /«r«V round, it has not the Force to wear the Knife by grinding. 
The Lawsof Cuftom are valid, and always prevail. 

Fig. 67. Contrafto : Q^U A %E L L 1 K G. 

A Man arm'd, in a fighting Poflure, with a fiery Face. Quarelling 
being between two, or more, and therefore holds his Sword as if he would 
make a Pafs at fomcbody ; with a Cat and a Dog at his Heels, as if they 
would fight. 

The Cat and the Dog fignifie that Quarelling proceeds from being of 
a contrary Nature, one to another. 

Fig. 68. Contento : CONTENT. 

A Spark pompoudy cloth'd, with a Sword by his Side; the Ornaments 
of his Head ar^ a Plume of Feathers, and Jewels, a Looking-Glafs in 
ojie Hand, and in the other a Silver Bafon, clapt to his Thigh, full of 
Money, and Jewels. 

He looking in the Glafs, iliewsthat, if a Man be ignorant of his own 
Good, he cannot be content, and therefore looks upon his own fine 
ClotlK&, Mony and Jewels, with much Satisfadlion and Content. 



1 8 i^o?al emblems* 

F I 0. 6g. Corretcione : C0^(I(ECT10N. 

An old crabbed Woman, firting upon a Bench, with a Whip in her lefc 
Hand, and a Pen in her right, wherewith (lie is corrcding a Book. 

Old, andcrols-graind, to Ihcw thnt Corredion is difrudcnt Ad in him 
that gives ir, and grievous to him that receives it ; therefore Ihe has a 
Rod in one Hand, and a Pen in the other. The Book contains the Caufe of 
Complaint, and Corredtion. 

Fig. 70. C6nverfatione : CONFERS jTIO K 

A Young-man with a Imiling Countenance, clothed in green, a Laurel 
Garland on his Head, a Mcrcurfs Rod in his Hand, twifted about with 
Myrtle and Pomegranate, and a humain Tongue on the Top, with a 
Scrowl, r^ SOLI. 

His PoRure lliews him inclin'd to entertain fomebody, the Scroul l^^oe 
to him that is don:. The two Branches Ihews mutud Amitj by Converfation ; 
the Tongue, Expe[fton of the Mind in company. 

Fig. 71. Corographia : CH0%0G(S^A^H1[. 

A young Lady in a changeable colour'd Habit, plain and fliort ; in her 
right Hand a meafuring Square ; a Globe on the Ground, with a little 
part defign'd \ in her left the Compafles. 

The changeable Habit, denotes the difftrcnt taking of Situations. The 
Shortnefs fjgnifies the taking the Plans of Dominions more /r/V^y, when 
they take the Icaft part for thcgreacell. The Indrumenc, the taking by 
it, the Limits of every Dominion. The Compafles denote, the fctting 
them to diftinguillithe Confines from one another. 

Fig. 72. Converfione.' COKVE^SIOK, 

A naked Lady, at Years of Difcretion, holding a green Ribbon infcrib'd, 
IN TE DOMINE SPERAVI, On the Ground are fplendid Garments; 
Ihe looks up to Heaven whence proceeds a Ray ; (lie is bathd in Tears ; 
her Hands a-crofs, and a Hydra at her Feet, gaping 

Fair denotes Converjion to God ; her Years, her being averfe from all 
Exceffes ; her Nakednefs, Fftrity ; and defpoiled of all worldly Affedions by 
hqr rich Garments upon the Grcnnd, 



rp S0ml CtnbleniS* 

Fig. 7;. Cofcienza : CONSCIENCE. 

A Lady with a Heart in her Hand, before her Eyes, where is written, 
in Letters of Gold, OIKEIA ZTNESIS, that is. Ones orrn Confcicnce; 
Handing on her Legs, between a floury Meadow, and a Field full of 
Thorns and Briars. 

The Heart fliews that none can be hid from himfelf \ the Flowers and 
Thorns, that there are tvro Ways, good and bad\ the Part of Confcience 
is to chufc ; in the one we meet pricking o^Hce, in the other, the fragrant 
Smell oi rirtu!, 

F 1 G. 74. Cofmografia : C S M G (I^Af HY. 

An ancient Lady in a sky-colour'd Starry Veftmcnt, under which is 
another of Earthy Colour, (landing between two Globes, the celeftial 
on the right Side, and the rerreftrial on the left; an Aflrolabe in her right 
Hand, and in her left, the Roman Radius. 

Ancient, becaufe (he derives her Pedigree from the Creation of the 
World. Her Garments denote her partidpating both of Heaven and 
Earth, as do the two Globes. The Inftruments, that, with them, (he 
takes the Diflance and Magnitude of feveral Stars, and the Operations upon 

F 1 G. 7 J. Crepufculodella Mattina : M0%N1NG 

A naked Youth, of a carnation, brown Colour, Wings of the fame 
Colour, in a Pofture of mounting aloft; a fplendid Star on the Crown 
of his Head ; in his left Hand an Urn inverted, pouring out Drops of 
Water ; in the right, a lighted Torch ; a Swallow, fluttering in the Air, 

His Colours fliew that it is doubtful whether he belongs to Night or 
Day ; the Wings, that this Interval [oon paflcs away. The Star is Lucifer, 
that brings Light; the Urn, that in Summer Deve falls, and Hoar-frefl in 
Winter ; the Torch, that Twi-light is the Meflenger of Heaven, and 
always goes before the Morning. The Swallow fings early in the Morning. 

F I G. 7<5. Coftanza : CONSTANCY. 

A Woman embracing a Pillar with her right Arm, and holding a drawn 
Sword in her left Hand, over a Fire on the Altar, as if (lie had a mind 
CO burn her Arm and Hand. 

The Column (hews her fledfaft Refolution not to be overcome ; the 
naked Sword, that neither Fire nor Sword can terrify Courage arm'd 


^^^S^ma^^ jg 

F 1 G. 77. Credito : C%E 1) It. 

One at Man's EUate, nobly clothed, with a Gold Chain about his 
Neck, with a Merchants Book of Accounts , indorsed on the Cover, 
SOLUTUS O.yiNIFOENORE, Free from all Intmfh, a Griffin below. 

His Age flicwy that he may have Credit, as docs his Senators Gown ; 
the Golden Chain iecms to command Credit. The Motto fignifies true 
Credit, The Griffin was in great Credit amongfl: the Ancients, and us'd 
for a Symbol of fafe Cuftody, and therefore intimates that one fliould 
have a irdtchful Eye over ones Stock, if he means to get Credit. 

F I G. 78. Crepufculo delJa Sera ; EFENING TWILIGHT. 

He is but a Babe dill, wing'd ; of a duskifli carnation Colour, in a 
Pofture of flying towards the Weft ; a bright Star on his Head ; in his 
right Hand holds an Arrow, and in his left a Bat. 

His flying Ihcws it to be the Evening Twi-light. The Star is Hefperus. 
The Arrow fignifies the Vapours attradcd by the Sun, which having 
nothing to fullain them, fall down, and are more or lefs noxious, 
according to Places high, or low. 

Fig. 79. Datio overo Gabella: T // X 
A lufly, young Man, with an Oaken Crown, in his right Hand a pair 
of Shears, a Sheep at his Feet ; in his left Hand Ears of Corn, an Olive- 
Branch, a Bunch of Grapes hanging down, without Breeches, his Arms 
and Legs bare» the Soles of his Feet callous. 

He is robuft, becaufe Taxes are the Nerves of the Common-wealth. 
The Oaken Crown denotes his Strength. The Shears allude to the Saying, 
It is the part of a good Shepherd to Ihear the Sheep, and not to flay 'em. 
The Things in his Hand, ihew that Taxes are laid upon thofe. Taxes 
iliould be levied not for meer Covetoufnefs, but for the public Weal, 
without any other Defign. 

F ig. 80. Curiofita: C U (I{ I S I T Y. 

She has abundance of Ears and Frogs on her Robe ; her Hair (lands 
up on end ; Wrings on her Shoulders ; her Arms lifted up -. fhe thrufts 
out her Head in a prying Pofturc. 

The Ears denote the Jtch of knowing more than concerns her The 
Frogs arc Emblems of Inqni/itivenefs, by reafon of their gogglc-Eycs. The 
other things denote her running up an^i down, to hen*-, and to fee, as 
fomc do after News. 




!00ojtal CmbleniS, 

Fig. 8i. Decoro: D E C %U U, 

A Vouch of a gentle Afpcd, with a Lions Skin on his Back, in his 
right Hand he holds a Cube, in the middle of which is the Cipher of 
Alncttrj ; a Branch of Amaranthus in his left Hand, with this Motto, 
S/C FLORET DECOR J DECUS. His Garment is cmbroider'd with the 
fame, and he wears it for a Garland, on his right Foot, a Buskin, on his 
left, a Sock. 

Handfom, becaufc Decorum \st\\cOrnament of human Life. Gentile, 
becaufc always accompanied with Decenq. The Lions Skin denotes the 
Strength of Mind, alFign'd to the Obfervers of due Decorum. The 
Amaranthus denotes Contimuf^ce, for that nerer withers, as the Motto 
dcmondratcs The Cothurnus, and Soccus or Buskin, denote Decency 
in the Gcjif/re and Behaviour; the firft bclong'd to Noblemen, the other 
to the inferiour Sort. 

Fig, 82. Debico : D E 'S T. 
A melancholy young Man, with a green Bonnet on his Head ; a Plate 
of Iron upon both his Legs, and about his Neck; holds a Basket in his 
Mouth, and a Scourge in his Hand. 

Melancholy, becaufe in Ddt. Poor Cloths denote his finding no 
more CreMt. The green Bonnet alludes to the Cuftom of fome Countries, 
where fuch who are Bankrupts are forc'd to wear them. The Scourge, 
becaufc Debtors, in Rome, v/ere whipd. The Hare lliews his Timor oufrefs, 
and Fc^ar of Serjeants. 

Fig. 8}. Defiderio verfo Iddio : LOVE towards G T>. 
'Tis an Angel, with a Hart by it. 

The Wings declare the Celerity, and ardent Defires of a Soul towaris 
God : the Hart, i\\q panting after Heaven. His left Arm upon his Breaft, 
ihe right extended, and Looks toward Heaven, ihew them direded 
toward their proper Objedt. 

Fig. 84. Democntia: D E M C % A CT 
A Lady meanly drelVd ; a Garland of N'mQ, twifted with a Braach of 
Elm; (landing upright; holding a Pomegranate in one Hand, and Serpents 
in the other Some Corn fcatter'd on the Ground, and fome in Sacks. 

The Garland denotes the Union ; the mean Habit, the Condition of 
the common People, that cannot equal thole that are higher, and therefore 
ihe (lands up. The Pomegranate denotes a People afTcmbled into one 
I'.ody, whole Union is regulated according to their ^alzty : the Serpent, 
l/nion ; but creeps, not daring to afpire : the Grain, the public Frovifion, 
caufing Union. 





11 fl^ojal emblems^ 

Fig. 8 j. Difefa contra Nimici ; DEFENCE againjl 

A Lady whole Hcad-drefs is fct with precious Stones ; in her Hand a 
Squill, or Sea-onion ; a Ferret at her Feet, with Rue in its Mouth. 

The precious Stones denote Charms againft one Evil or other. The 
Squill, they fay, rubbd upon the Gate, lets fJo Evil come in. The 
Ferret provides Rue for Its own Defence, againft the Bafilisks, dr<^- 

Fig. 86. Detrattione : DET^ACriON, 

A Woman fitting, and lolling out her Tongue; a black Cloth over her 
FJead; her Garment torn, and rufty-colour'd, fpread here and there with 
Tongues ; a Cord about her Neck, inftead of a Bracelet ; in her right 
Hand holds a Dagger, as if flie would flab. 

Her fitting denotes Mc'w/j, the main Caufe of Detraction ; her Mouth 
open, the Proneneis of Dctrad:ion to back-hit e ; the rulfy-colour'd Garment, 
chat as ruO: r^rro/"/ Iron, fo does Detradion, the GW-/?4Wf, 2inS Refutation. 
The Rope, the ahjc^ Condition of Back-biters. 

F 1 G 87. Digeftione : DIGESTION 
AWomanof a (Irong Conftitution, laying one Hand upon an Oftrich, 

crown'd with Penny-royal, and a Sprig of the Plant ChondrilU, in her 

other Hand. 

The Oftrich denotes ^^ood Digeflion, it digefting Iron, as the Herbs 

denote, which wonderfully promote Digeftion 

Fig 88. Difcfa contra Pericoli : DEFENCE againjl 
D A f\ E % 

A young Lady in Armour, holding a naked Sword in her right Hand, 
and in her left, a Target, with a Hedge-hog in the middle. 

Her Youth intimates her f/tncfs to defend hcrlelf ; the Armour and 
Sword, both offenfive and dcfenfive Actions. The Hedge-hog denotes 
Defence, which, upon any Danger, rolls itfclf into its prickly ^kin, 
bidding Deiiance. 


Jiflr^f^^ 22 


ij 09o?al emblems* 

Fig. 89. Dignin : V 1 G N I T 7. 

A Woman richly adorn'd, but is like to fink under the Burthen of a 
huge Stone, cnchac'd within a Border of Gold, and precious Stones. 

Load exprellcs Dignity; bccaufe that, proceeding from the Care of 
public Affairs, is a very heavy Burthen, ^ndhard to be fupportcd. 

Fig. 90. Digiuno : P J S T 1 K G, 
A Man, pale and meagre, in a white antique Habit; he is muzzled; 
his Eyes lift up to Heaven ; his right Arm extended ; and in his Hand, 
is the Fiili Bui-head, and on a Scroul is written, PAUCO FESCOR : a 
Hare under his left Arm, treading upon a gaping Crocodile. 

His Palenefs demonflrates the Effcei of it : The white Raiment 
denotes his Sincerity, not only to abftain from Food, but alfo from Fice^ 
looking upward, that the Mind is not offufcated with M.'at. The Fi(h 
lives upon its orrn Moifture, and esits little, as the Motto declares. The 
Crocodile is veracious, and an Enemy to Fafting, therefore fhe treads it 
under- foot. The Hare, Figilance. 

Fir, 91. Diligenza: DILIGENCE. 

A Woman of a lively Afped, with a Sprig of Thyme in one Hand, 
and a Bee buzzing about it ; in the other, a Bundle of Almond and 
Mulberry Leaves : a Cock at her Feet, fcraping. 

The Bee reprcfents it by fucking a pleafant Juice out of a dry Herb : 
The Almond, and Mulberry, the middle Way between Haftinefs and 
Slow?jcfs, in Bufmcfs, the firft flourifhing very early, and the other very 
late: The Cock denotes the fame, rifing betimes, and can difccrn a 
Barly-corn from Dung, by his fcraping. 

F I G. 92. Diletto ; DELIGHT:. 

A Boy of fixteen, with a pleafant Afped, his green Suit adorn d with 
various Colours ; a Garland of Rofcs ; a VioHn, and its Bow ; a Sword ; 
a Book of Ariflctle, and one of Mufick. Two Pigeons a-kilfing 

His Countenance denotes Delight. The Green fignifies the Vivacity 
and Delight fulnefs of green Meadows to the Sight : the Violin, Delight in 
■Hearing ; the Book, Delight in Fhilofophy ; the Doves, amorous Delight. 


24 ^o^al €nx\)lt\n&. 

FiQ. 9 J. Diffegno : DESIGNING. 

A Stripling, oF a noble Alpc(fi, witha Garmcnc of rich Cloth, CompafTcS 
:n one Hand, and a Miroir in the other. 

The Afpeci thews that all things made by Art, arc more or Icfs handfom, 
according to the more or lefs dcjigning : The Compaflcs, that Dcdgning 
coiihUsin Alc.ifurifjg; the GlaCs, 2i good Im. agination requifite. 

Fig. 94. Difcrccione : D I S C f^ E T I N. 

An aged Woman, of a grave Countenance, inclining her Head to the 
left, lifts up her Arm in token of Pity, witha Plummet in one Hand, and 
a Camel by her. 

The Plummet denotes it, by adapting it fclf to human Imperfedions, 
and never deviates from it felf, always jufi and perfe^. The Camel, 
Prudence, never carrying a Burthen above its Strength. 

Fig. 95. Difprezzo, <Sc diftrutcionc de i piaccri, & cattivi 
efimi: T>ESTIS1NG <P LEASU^E. 

An arm'd Man, with a Garland of Laurel, going to fight a Serpent; a 
Stork by his Side ; at her Feet many Serpents, which ilie fights with the 
Beak and Claws. 

Arm'd, becaufe the defpifing thofe Things requires Magmmimit^. The 
Stork, fighting againft the Pleafures of the fT^^r/^, and earthly Thoughts, 
intimated by the Serpent, always creeping on the Earth. 

F 1 e. ^6. Difpregio del Mondo / V E S ¥ I S IN G of the 

IV (liL D. 

One at Man's Eftare, arm'd, a Palm-branch in one Hand, and a Spear 
in the other ; turns his Head a-fide towards Heaven ; tramples on a Crown 
and Scepter, which fignifies his undervaluing Riches and Honours : his 
Head, that fuch Difefteem proceeds from fan^ified Thoughts of God; arm'd, 
that he attain'd not fuch Perfedion without >f^A/>^. 



2 J Q^oitil Cmbltuis* 

F I G ^7' Divinita .• V 1 F I N 1 T 1 
A I.aJy, all in white, with a Flame on the Crown of her Head, anJ a 
blue Globe in each Hand, alfo flaming. 

The White fignifies the pHr/iy of the Trinity, the objed: of the Study 
of a Divine, cxpreft by three Flames. The Globes denote Eternity, by 
their round Figure, inleparablc from the divine JEffence. 

Fig 98. Dift intionc del bene, & del male: DISJIKCTlON 

of Good and Evil, 

A Lady, of 43erfedl AgQ, in a grave venerable Habit; a Sieve in her 
right Hand, and a Rake in her left. 

Her Age intimates her more capable of Didinguifhing ; the Sieve, 
feparating Good from Bad, which is perfecft Wifdom : The Rake has 
the fame Property, and that's the Reafbn why the Husbandman makes 
ufc of it to fepdrate the Noxious from the Good Grain. 

F I G. pp. Dominio : DOMINION. 

A Man, in a noble and fumptuous Habit, his Head furrounded with 
a Serpent ; a Scepter in his left Hand, with an Eye on the Top ; his 
Arm extended, and pointing with his Fore-finger, as is ufual with thofe 
who have Dominion. 

The Serpent was a notable Sign of Dominion amongft the Romans ; as is 
confirm'd by the Example o{ Severusy and young M.tximinian, both whofe 
Heads, being furrounded by Serpents, without offending, or doing thera 
any Harm, was a Token of future Grandeur. As for the Eye, it fignifies 
the f^igiUnce , a great Prince ought to have , who has an abfolute 
Command over a People. 

Fig. 100. Dolorc: G ^ 1 E F. 

A Man naked. Manacles upon his Hands, and Fetters on his Feet, 
incompafs'd with a Serpent, gnawing his left Side ; he fcems to be very 

The Fetters denote the Intellects, that difcourfes and produces irregular 
Effeds, being ftraitned by P^^/'/fAT/Vv, and cannot attend to its accuftom'd 
Operations The Serpent fignifies Misfortunes, and Evils, which occafion 
Dellrudtion, and is the chief Caufe of Grief. 




2 6 £i9o?al emblems. 

Fig. 1 1. Dottrina : L E A ^K 1 K G. 

A mature Lady, fitting with her Arms open, as if ilic would embrace 
another. A Scepter in one Hand, on which is a Sun. A Book open on 
her Lap ; and from the fcrcnc Sky falls abundance of Dew. 

The Age Ihcws that Learning is not acquir'd but by lon^^ Sitt.^y ; the 
open Book, and extended Arms, that Learning is very communicative \ 
the Scepter and Sun, the Dominion it has over the D^rkncfs o[ Ignorance ; 
the Dew, that Learning makes tender Youth /n////«/. 

Fig. 102. Dominio di fe ftelTo ; T> M 1 N 1 N over 

A Man fitting upon a Lion, guiding the Bridle beholds in his Mouth, 
vvithone Hand, and with the other pricks him. 

The Lion, denotes the AJind, and its Strength, that Reafon(hou\d curb 
the Spirit, if too brisk, zadfpur ^nd prick it, if toodroufy and dull ; fo 
that Reafon is a Ray fent from Heaven, to govern us in all our Adions. 

Fig. ioj. Educatione ; EDUCATION. 

A Lady at full Age, in Cloth of Gold, a Ray fliining upon her ; fliews 
her turgid Breatls, with a Rod in one Hand, feems to teach a Child to 
read; on her left Side a Pale fix'd in the Ground, with a tender young 
Plant tied thereto, which flie embraces with her right Arm 

The Ray fignifies, that the Grace of God is neceffary, that God gives 
the Increaie. The Breads denote the principal Part of Education to teach 
candidly, and to communicate ; The Rod, Correction ; the tender Plant, 
to endeavour to direB-y 2ind ktfirait, and to tQ^c\\ good Manners, 

Fig. 104. Economia: OE C N M T. 

This venerable Dame is crown'd with Olive, has a pair of CompaHes in 
her left Hand, a fmall Wand in the right, and a Rudder of a Ship by her 

The Stick denotes the Rule a Mafter has over his Houfe; the Rudder 
the Care a Father ought to have over his Children. 

The Olive Garland, the Pains he is to take in maintaining Peace in his 
Family; The Rudder, Prudence^ and Moderation, 


27 <!0oitil emUtnis. 

Fig. 105. Equitiottio della Primavcri : S T ^ 1 K G. 

A young Man, of an cxadl 'Stature, clotlVd on one Side in white, on 
the other 111 black; a pretty broad Girdle C-zt with Stars; holds a Ram 
under his Arm, and a Garland of fcveral Flowers in his left Hand ; cw^o 
\A'ings on his Feet; one white, the other black. 

Young denotes the Sprir{^, and Bf^Jnning of the Year ; juft Stature, 
becaufe it is the Equator, equal Day and Night ; white and black, Day and 
Night; the Girdle, the EquifiocJial-li^e; the Ram, the Suns Entrance into" 
t/jat Sign; the Wings, the Srriftrjcfs of Time. 

Fig. 106. Elettione: E L E C T I K. 

An ancient venerable Dame, in a decent Flabit ; a Gold Chain with 
a Heart at it; (eems to have noble and lofty Notions; on her right Side, 
a flourilhing Oak-tree ; and on her left, a Serpent; points with the Fore- 
finger at the Tree; and holds a Label with this Motto, F / R TUT E M 

Old, of a noble Afped, becaufe Experience of Things feen and 
pradtis'd, is able to make a trn^ Choice, The Heart denotes Cour/fcl ; 
the Tree f^irtue, as being rirm, deep and verdant ; they gave a Crown 
of it to valiant Captains. 

Fig. 107. Errore: E <!( ^ ^. 

A Man in a Pilgrims Habit, groping out his Way blind-fold. 

The Cloth blinding him fignifies mans Falling in.o Error, when his 
Mind is darkned by jrorU/y Concerns ; the Staff, his being apt to ftumhle, 
if he take not the Guides of the Spirit, and of right Reafon. 

Fig. 108. Equinoutio deU'AutLmno : A U 7 U M ti* 

A Man at perfed: Age, cloth'd like the Vernal, and likewife girt with 
a Starry Girdle; holds in one Hand a pair of Scales equally poiz'd, with 
a Globe in each ; in the other a Bunch of divers Fruits and Grapes. 

Moll of thefe are declar'd in the yernal, they being the fame. The 
Age denotes the PcrfMion of this Scafon, when Fruits are ripe. The 
Balance, or L/^v./, is one of the twelve Signs. li.^^ 




2 8 ^ouW CniWcnis. 

F 1 G 109. Effcrcicio : E X E <^ C 1 S E. 

A Man in his juvenile Years, in a fliorc Garment of divers Colours; 
his Arms naked ; a Clock on his Head ; a Gold Circle in one Hand, and 
in chc other a Scroul, infcrib'd ENCTCLOFEDIA. He has wing'd Feet ; 
at his right Side, feveral forts of Arms ; at his left, divers Inllruments of 

Young, denotes his being able tofudainthc Fatigues of Exercife; his 
naked Arms, his being in a Rendimfs. Encyclopedia, fignifies the Circle of 
all Sciences, which arc attain'd by Exenifc, as well as Skill in Arms. 
The Clock denotes Excnife, by the divers Motions of the Wheels, that 
diflinguiili the Time and Hour. 

Fig. no. Efperienza: EX<PE%1EKCE. 

An old Matron, holding in her right Hand a Geometrical Square ; a 
fmallStaffinher left Hand, with ^iScvoMVm'icnh'A RERUM MAGISTRAi 
a Flame-pot, and a Touch-ftone at her Feet. 

Age denotes Experience acquir'd, the Staff, that Experience is Governefs 
of all Things : The Square (licws that by it is found the Height, Depth and 
Diflance of Things ; the Flame-pot, that by the Fire, many Experiments 
are made. The Touchftone tries Metals. 

Fig. 111. Eta in gcnerale ; AGE in General. 

A Lady in a Garment of three Colours, holding up her Arms ; a Sun in 
the right Hand, and a Moon in the left ; the right is higher than the 
left : below, a Bafdisk erected. 

The changeable Habit denotes the changing of the Minds and Purpofes 
of feveral Ages. The Sun and Moon denote their regulating the three 
principal Members, Head, Heart and Liver, where refide the vital, 
animal and natural Virtues. 

Fig. 111. Efilio : EXILE. 

A Man in the Habit of a Pilgrim, with his Palmers StafTin his Hand, 
and a Hawk on his Fid. 

There are two Sorts of Exile ; one, when a Man is ^4«//7;V for fome 
Mifdemeanor, which the Hawk denotes : The other is when a Man 
voluntarily chufcs to live abroad, which the Pilgrims Staff Ihews. 



2p i©o?al einbleinis* 

Fig. ii;. Febrc : F E A V E % 
A young Woman, meagre and pale ; black Hair ; there ifTucs out of 
hcT Month a hot Vapour ; a Lion at her Feet, very melancholy ; holds 
one Hand on her Heart, and in the other, the Chain of a Slave, infcrib'd, 

Young, becaufe then one is mofl fubjed to Feavers. Her Mouth 
open'd, fignifies the included Heat wants f^ent. The Lion denotes a 
FcAvcr, becaufe he is always in one. The Chain fhews that it alHidis all 
the Parts, by the Arteries diffused through the Members. 

Fig. 114. Etica : E T H I C I^ S. 

ALadyof fober, grave Afpecft, holding the Inftrument Archi^endnlunt 
m one Hand, and with the other a Lion bridled. 

The Lion dcmonftrates, that Moral Philofophy /«W/(*(fj and curhs the 
Pafllons, teaches to obferve a Medium between Virtue and Vice. The 
Indrument lliews the juft ^Equilibrium, not to tranfgrefs to either of the 

Fig. n ^ Felicita Publica : ^uhlic FELICITY. 

A Lady with a Garland of Flowers on her Head, fcated on a royal 
Throne, holding a Mercury's Rod in the right Hand, and a Cornucopia 
with Flowers and Fruit in the other. 

The Cornucopia declares the Fruit gain'd by Pains, without which, no 
Happinefs. Flowers are Signs ofChearfulnefs, the conftant Companion of 
Felicity. Mercury s Rod (Ignifics Virtue, Peace and Wifdom, accompanying 

Fi G. 1 \6. Fecondita: F %U 1 7 F U L N E S S. 

A young Woman crown*d with Juniper-Leaves, holding clofe to her 
Bofom a Goldfinch's Neft, with young ones ; httle Rabbits playing by 
feer, and new hatched Chickens. 

The Juniper denotes Fecundity, becaufe, from a (mall Seed, it becomes 
fo great, that Birds perch on it. The Birds, Rabbits, Hen and Chickens, 
all denote Fruitfulnefs, which is the greatefi; BlelTing a married Lady can 





JO ^o?al emblems* 

Fig. 117. Furore; F U ^ Tt. 

A Man fliewing Madncfs in his Looks, his Eyes tied with a Fillet, In a 
Poflureas if he had a Mind to throw a Bundle of Arms bound up, in a 
fliort Habit. 

The Fillet denotes theUnderftanding lofi, whenMadnefs has Dominion, 
for Madncfs is the Blindmfs of the Mind. The Arms fignifie that Fury 
is ever armd for Revenge. The (hort Garment (hews that he refpeds 
neither Decency not good Manners. 

Fig. 118. Fraude : V %^ A U t>. 
A Woman with two Faces, one )oung, the other old; Feet like Eagles 
Talons ; a Tail like a Scorpion, two Hearts in her right Hand, and a 

Mask in her Mi. 

The two Faces denote Fraud and Deceit, ever pretending well : The 
two Hearts, the two Appearances ; the Mask, that Fraud makes things 
appear cthernife than they are ; the Scorpion, and Eagle, the hafe Defigns, 
and D/fcord they foment, like Birds of Prey, to rob Men of their Goods 
or Honour. 

Fig. 119. Fama Chiara : Good FAME, 
'Tis a curious Figure of a naked Mercury; a Cloth over his left Arm, 

and his Rod in his Hand ; and with his right Hand holds Pegafus by the 

Bridle, capering, as if he would fly away. 

M.rcury dcnozQS Fame, for he was the Meffenger of y^/^/V^r, as alfo the 

Efficacy of Speech, and a good Voice, that fpreads and is diffused. 

Pegafus denotes, that Fame is carriedby Speech, that founds the Adions 

of great Men, 

Fig, 120. FedeM: FIDELITY. 

A Woman cloth'd in white, with a Seal in one Hand, and a Key in 
the other ; and a white Dog clofe by her. 

The Key and Seal are Emblems of Fidelity, becaufe they lock up and 
conceal Secrets : The Dog is the moil faithfd Animal in the World, and 
beloved by Men. 


3 1 350o?al Cmblcmff^ 

Fig. 121.^ Filofofia: fPHlLOSOTHY. 

Her Eycsarefparklingand vivid, rofie Cheeks, a vigorous Conftitution, 
though pretty old, and grave Habic. 

Her venerable Afpcd denotes Fffpe^, due to her as Mother of the 
Liberal Arts; her Books and Scepter, thatPcrfons of Quality ought not 
to defpife this Queen ; the © upon her Bread, ftgnifies Theory, and the 
latter n, on the Border of her Garment, Pra6lice. 

Fig. 122: Ferocita : tlE^CEKESS. 

A young Woman that feems befide herfelf, breathing out Threats; 
lays her left Hand upon a Tiger's Head, as if (lie was a-going to ftrike, aii 
Oaken Cudgel in her right Hand, in a threatning Manner. 

Young, and therefore undaunted; her Hand upon the Tiger, denotes 
FUrcenefs and Cruelty. The Oaken Club fignifies the Hard-heart ednefs of 
lavage Men, duro rohore nata, 

Fjg. 12J. Flagello diDio: Tht SCOU<K^GE •/ GOD. 

A Man in a red Garment, holding a Scourge in one Hand, and a 
Thunderbolt in the other ; the Air being troubled ; the Earth full of 

His Garment denotes Wrath, and Vengeance ; The Locufts unherfal 
Chaflifement, as in Egjp, The Thunderbolt fignifies the Fall of fomc 
^who afcend to Honour, by indirect, unjuft Ways, for it is crooked. 

FiG. 124. Fine: 7hc ENT>. 

The Scope, whcreunto all operations are dircdcd, is an old decrepit 
Man, with a grey Beard ; a Garland of Ivy ; fitting with a Sun, departing 
from the Eaft, and feems to be in the Weft, by its Rays; holdsa Pyramid 
with ten M's on it, and a Square with the Letter Hmega. 

Decrepit, becaufe he has one Foot in the Grave ; the Ivy denotes his 
Want ofSupport ; the nmega declares the End, as Alpha does the Beginning. 
The ten M*s fignifie ren thufand. 




31 100031(11 emblems* 

Fig, 125. Forza d'Amore : FO%CE of LOVE. 

A naked Striplin^^ rcrcnibling C»/>/Vfmi ling, with Wings on his Shoulders, 
holding a Dolphin in one Hand, and a Garland of Flowers in the other; 
to Ihew the Power of Love both by Sea and Lund, through the Univcrle ; 
for the Empire of Cupid is fometimcs intimated by his fitting in a Chariot, 
drawn by a couple of Lions, with his Hand held up towards Heaven, 
from whence fall Arrows and Flames, that give place to none, for Jupiter 
is not exempt from them. 

Fig. 116. Fortezza: S T ^E K G 7 H. 

A Woman in Armour ; her Stature upright; big-bond; plump Breads; 
barlli Hair ; fparkling Eyes ; a Spear in her Hand, with an Oak-branch ; 
a :^hicld on her Arm, with a Lion and a wild Boar. 

hWtX-iQ^Qf^QnoiQ Strength', the Oak-branch, and Armour, ^t^ Strength 
of Body and Mind, The Spear denotes Superiority, procured by Strength ; 
The Lion and Bear, The Strength of Mind and Body ; the one ading 
with Moderation, the Boar runs headlong with Fury. 

Fig. 117. Forza fottopofta all'doquenza : F ^C E of 
E L (iU E N C E. 

A Woman in a decent, grave Habit, holding Mercurfs Caduceus, or 
Rod, in her Hand ; a Lion under her Feet. 

This demonftrates that Force and Strength give place to the Eloquence 
of thofe, whofe Tongues are well hung ; For we perceive the unruly 
Mob, though threatning Diftrudion, are prefently appeas'd, and lay 
down their Arms, fo foon as they hear a grave, eloquent Perfon, remonftratc 
the Danger of the Riot, and their boifterous Huzzas are all on the fadden 
hulht into Silence, and they tamely liibmit to his Didates. 

Fig. ii8, Forza alia Giufticia fottopofta : FO%CE of 

A Lady in Royal Apparel ; crown d ; about to fit down upon the Back 
of a Lion, and feems to lay her Hand upon a Sword, which denotes 
Jnftice, as the Lion does Strength ; fo that the Strength of the latter 
iubmits to the former, /. e* Juftice. 



; ? fl^ojal emblems* 

Fig, 129. Fugaciia : Soon FADING. 

A Lady clad in green, her Garment all cmbroidcr'd with Pearl and 
precious Jewels, with a Golden Crown; in one Hand a lighted Torch, with 
this Motto, EGRED/EKS UJ FULGUR, and in the other a Nofegay 
of Roics ; part of which fall to the Ground, fading and difcolour'd. 

The Role, in the Morning, buds, is fragrant, and flourilhing ; and. 
in the Evening, languishes and fades ; a true Emblem of the Frailty of 
iubiunary Things. 

Fig. 150. FortLina buona : Good F ^T U N E. 

A Woman about to fit down, leaning her right Arm upon a Wheel, 
inflead of the celeftial Globe, holding a Cornucopia, in her left Hand. 

As the Wheel is (bmetimes up, and ibmetimesdown, fo Fortune changes. 
The Ccrmcofia denotes her being Difpofer of Riches, and ihQgood Things of 
this World; and the Wheel being continually in Motion, to Fortune is 
fickle, and ever and anon changes, fometimes abafing one, and exalting 

Fig. 131. Furto: THEFT. 

A pale Youth, clothed with a Wolf's Skin, his Arms and Legs bare ; 
wing'd Feet ; at midnight ; in one Hand a Purfc, and a Knife in the other, 
with a Picklock ; the Ears of a Hare, and Teems to be in Fear. 

Youth ihcws Imprudence, that will not take Warning; the Palenefs, 
and Hares Ears, continual Sufpicion and Fear, and therefore loves Darknefs ; 
The Skin, becaufe the Wolf lives by Rapine. The Barenefs lliew him in 
Difirefs ; and the wing'd Feet, his /Zy/;;^ from JuRice. 

Fig. IJ2. Furor Poetico : T E7 1 C A L F U ^Y, 

A brisk young Beau, of a ruddy Complexion; crown'd with Laurel; 
bound about with Ivy ; in a writing Pofture, but turning his Head back- 
ward toward Heaven. 

The Wings declare the ^icknefs of his Phanfie, which foars aloft, and 
carries an Encomium with it, which flill remains frejl) and green, as the 
Laurel and Ivy intimate : Looking upwards, the Ideas ot fupernatural 
Things, which he writes down. 

eaoii l[j 




34 iS0oi^l emblems^ 

Fjg. I?}. Gelofia : JEALOUSY, 
A Woman in a Grogram VcQmenc, all wrought with Ears and Eyes; 

Wings on her Shoulders ; a Cock on her left Arm, and a Bundle of Thorns 

in her right Hand. 

The C^ock denotes Jcaloufie, Figilance, and Addrefs ; the Wings, the 

^//V/(v;r/} of fanciful Thoughts; the Eyes and Ears, Care to hear and fee 

the Icaft Adb, or Intimation of the Perfon beloved. The Thorns, the 

continual Trouble and Uneafwefs. 

F 1 G. 1 ;4, Gagliardezza : JOVlALKESS. 

A Lady with acompos'd Countenance, but fomewhat wandering Eyes ; 
drcfs'd in a light Habit, with a Crown of Amaranth: holding, in both 
Hands, an Olive-branch, with its Fruit ; on the Top of which is an 
Hony-comb, with Bees. 

The Amaranth denotes Stdility, and Merrimfs, for it never withers; 
the Olive and Hony comb, denote Mirth and Long Life, whereunto 
Hony conduces 

Fjg. i}5. Genio : Tk GENIUS. 

A naked Child of a fmiling Countenance, with a Garland of Poppy 
on his Head; tars of Corn in one Hand, and a Bunch of Grapes in the 

It is taken for the general Prefervers of Things, and the Inclindtion to 
fomething, for the Pleafure it affords ; fome to Learning, fome to Mufic^ 
and others to War. 

The Ancients took it for the Common Prefervation of worldly Things ; 
and amongft them, not only human Beings had their Genius, but even 
infenfjhle T h i ngs a 1 (6. 

Fig 136. Generofira; G E K E (^ SIT Y. 

A Virgin fo amiable, that (he attrads all Eyes; in a Mantle of Gold 
Gauze ; leaning, with her left Hand, upon a Lions Head ; holding, in 
her right, lifted up. Chains of Pearl, and precious Stones, as if (he meant 
to make a Prefent of them. 

Her Youth denotes her extraordinary Courage and GcncroCuy, which 
never degenerates : The naked Arm, The Property of this Virtue to 
divefi itflfof all Interefl, and to be kind, without Hope of receiving any 
thing in txchange. The Lion declares Grandtur and Courage, 



35 S0OIAI €\\\\)\tm^. 

Fig. \]7. Giorno naturalc : A KATU^A L Djy. 

A wing'd Boy, with a Circle in his Hand, in a Chariot above the 
Clouds, with a lighted Torch; the Chariot drawn by four Horles, one 
white, one black, the other two bay ; fignifying the four Parts that make 
up a natural Day, /. e. the Rifing and Setting, Noon and Midnight ; all the 
Time the Sun fpends in going once round the whole Orb, which the 
Circle ilievvs. 

Fig 158. Geographia: GE0G%A<PH1 
An old Dame, in an Earth-colour'd Garment ; a terreftrial Globe at her 

Foot; the Compades in her right Hand, wherewith Ihe meafuresthe faid 

Globe, and a geometrical Square in her left. 

Old, denotes the ^;*^/^///V^ of this Art; the Compafles, t\\Q me af tiring 

and difcribing of the Earth, which is truly Geography. The Square, the 

taking the feveral Proportions, Length, Breadth, &c, 

F I G. 1 jp. Giuditio ; JUDGMENT. 

A naked Man, attempting to fit down upon the Rainbow ; holding 
the Square, the Rule, Compafles, and Pendulum, in his Hand. 

The Inftruments denote Difcourje, and Choice, Ingenuity fliould makeof 
Methods to underftand, and judge of any thing ; for he judges not aright, 
who would meafure every thing in one and the fame Manner. The 
Rainbow, that much Experience teaches Judgment ; as the Rainbow refults 
from the Appearance of diverfe Colours, brought near one another by 
Virtue of the Sun-beams. 

Fig. 140. Gioventu: Y U T H. 

A conceited young Spark, in a parti-colour'd Garment; a Grey-hound 
on one Side, andaHorfe, finely accoutred, on the other; (landing, as if 
he would fling away his Money. 

He is proud, 2ind conceited, and has thofe Animals by him, to denote the 
particular Inclination of Youth; and thc'iT Prodigality, by fquandering his 
Money. His Habit, the frequent ^/r^r/;;^ of his Mind. 



5 6 ^ojitl emblems* 

fiG 14!- Gloria de Piencipi : G LO^I^lt of T^INC ES. 

A very beautiful Lady, with a golden Circle about her Forehead, 
•interwoven with many precious Jewels. Her Golden Locks fignifie the 
tn.xgnanimffHs thoughts that pollels the Minds of Princes. She holds a 
Piramid, fignifying their Glorj, in caufing magnificent Fabricks to be 
eroded, fignalifmg them to all Pofterity. 

Fig. 141. Giuftitia divina : DIFINE JUSTICE. 

A handlbm Woman, with a Golden Crown, on her Head; a Dove» 
with Rays above; her Hair loofe about her ; a naked Sword in her 
right Hand, in her left the Balance ; the Globe of the World at her Feet. 

The Crown and Globe flicw her Pomr over the World ; the Balance 
(hews Juflice, and the Sword, the Fumjhmcnt of Maiefadors; the Dove 
reprefents the Hol^Ghcfi, 

Fig. 1 43. Gratia di Dio : T1:e G ^ JC E of GO V. 

A very pretty agreable Damfel, all naked, with a very becoming Head- 
drefs; her Golden Locks plaited, and furroundcd with Splendor, holding 
in both hands 2. Cornucopia ; flie pours from it many Things ufeful ; and 
a Ray fiiining round, even to the Ground. 

Her Nakedneft denotes her /;^;7»r^>?f^, that needs no external Ornaments. 
The Benefits and good Things Ihe difperfes, fhcw that they all proceed 
from Heaven. 

F 1 G. 144. Hidrografia : B H J) ^0 G f^ J (p H Y. 

An ancient Matron in Cloth of Silver, the Ground of which refembles 
the Waves of the Sea; Stars above ; holding, in one Hand, a Chart of 
Navigation , and the Compades ; and in the other a Ship ; and the 
Mariners Compafs on the Ground before her. 

Her Garment fignifies the IVater, and Motion thereof, which is the 
Subject of Hydrography : The Compafs, the regulating and defcribingby 
kip of it. The Chart fhews all the l^inds, and the fureft Waj to fail. 

(ilv rij ofuj ^. 

^^^^iiii^^ ,e 

j7 ^ojal CmblemiB!. 

FIg. 145. Hercfia: H E ^ E S I E. 

An old lean Hag, of a terrible Afped ; Flames ifTuing out of her 
Mouth ; her Hair hanging) difordcrly about her Breads, and mod of 
her Body bare ; her Duggs flag ; in her left Hand a Book fliut up, 
Serpents coming out of it, and, with her right, feems to fcatter them 

Oldncfs denotes the invsterate Mdicc ; ugly, becaufe dcpriv'd of the 
Light of Faith. The Flame denotes her impious Ofimo}is. Her Breads 
(hew that her Vigour is dried up ; that flie cannot nourijl good Works : 
the fcattering Serpents, the differfing falfc Do^rines. 

Fig. 146. Graffezza: CROSSNESS. 

A groCs corpulent Woman, holding an Olive-branch in her right Hand, 
bearing Fruit without Leaves ; in her left a Crab. 

The Olive denotes Fat mfs: the Crab is much fubjecSt to Fatnsfs, when 
the Moon increafes ; either from the particular Quality of the Moon, or 
elfe becaufe when it is Full-moon, the Crab has, by the Light, a fairer 
Opportunity to procure its Food. 

Fig. 147. Gola: G L U T T N T. 

A Woman in a RulTet Gown, wich a long Crane's Neck, and a pretty 
big Belly ; a Hog lying by her. 

The Belly denotes Gormandizing ; as making her Belly her God, The 
rudy, or Ruffet-Gown, ftiews that as Rud eats Iron, fo does the Glutton 
devour his Subflance, The Hog imports Gluttony, 

Fig. 148 Gloria: G L (^ Y, 

The upper part of her Body is almod naked ; Ihe bears a Sphere, 
whereon are the twelve Signs, and a little Image, holding a Palm in one 
Hand, and a Garland in the other. 

Her Nakednefs intimates that ihe needs no Painting, her AcSlions always 
being expos'd to View. The Sphere, that mundan Confiderations do not 
To oblige her to heroic Actions, as the cclcflid do ; the Victory llie holds, 
that thefc two arc infeparahle ; the one produces the other. 





J 8 ifi0o?ai CmWcmS- 

FiG. 149. Horografia : HO^OG%AfHt 

A young Virgin wing'd, in a Ihort Robe of sky-colour ; an Hour-glafs 
on her Head ; in her right Hand holds InQrumcnts for DialHng, and, in 
her left, a Sun-dial; a Sun over her Head, (hewing with its Rays, the 
Shadow of the Gnomon dircdlcd to the Hour currant. 

Youth denotes the Hours continually renewing their Courfe fuccefTively: 
The curtail'd Coat and Wings, x.\\c Rapidity of the Hours.- the sky- colour, 
the Serenencfs, not prevented by Clouds. The Hour-glafs fhews the time 
of Night, as the other does of the Day. 

F 1 G. 1 50. Hippocrefia : HYTOC(I(lSr. 

A meagre pale Woman, in a Lindfy-woolfy Garment ; her Head 
inclin'd to the left; her Veil covers moft of her Forehead; with Beads, 
and a Mafs-book ; (lie puts forth her Arm in the Aflcmbly, to give a piece 
of Mony to fome poor body ; with Legs and Feet of a Wolf. 

Linfy-W^oolfy, the Linnen denotes Malice, and the Woollen Simplicity; 
her Head inclin'd, with the Veil covering her, all Ihew Hypocrifie : the 
offering Mony, Fain-glory; her Feet, that outwardly (lie is a L^w^, but 
inwardly, a ravening fVolf. 

Fig. 151. Hiftoria : HISTORY. 

A Woman refembling an Angel, with great Wings, looking behind her ; 
writing on an oval Table, on the Back of Saturn 

The Wings denote her publifliing all Events, with great Expedition; 
her looking back, that Ihe labours for Poflerity^ her white Robe, Truth 
and Sincerity : Saturn by her Side, denotes Time and Spirit of the Adions. 

Fig. 152. Humilta: HUMILITY. 

A Virgin all in white; her Arms a-crofs upon her Bread ; her Head 
inclin'd ; a Golden Crown at her Feet. 

The white Robe fliews that Purity of the Mindhegets Suhmiffion : holding 
down her Head, Confejfion of her Faults ; treading on a Crown, Ihcws 
Humility difdains the Grandeur of the World, 




39 ^o?al emblems. 

Fig. 155. Jmanza : COASTING. 

A Woman making a great iihow ; covcr'd with Peacocks Feathers ; 
with a Trumpet 111 her left Hand, and her right in the Air. 

The Feathers denote FriJc, the Mother of Boafting ; the Trumpet, 
Vcaflhi'T ones fclf ; it is blown by ones own Breath ; for vain Boafters take 
Dehghc mfdlifliing their own Actions. 

Fig. 154, RpmaEterna: (1^0 U E ETE^KAL. 

A Figure Handing with a Helmet ; in her left Hand a Spear, with a 
triangular Head ; in her right a Globe, upon which ftands a Bird with a 
long Beak ; a little Shield at her Feet ; and a Serpent in a Circle, denotes 
Etcrnit-j. The Bird is the Phccnix, out of whole Alhes fprings another. 

Fig. 155. Incoftanza: INCOnSTANCr. 

A Woman all in blue, fetting her Foot upon a great Crab, like the 
Oifjccr in the Zodiac ; with the Moon in her Hand. 

The Crab denotes Irrcfoktion, going fometimes forward, fometimes 
backward, fo do fickle Men The Moon, ChAngedUnefs, never remaining 
for one Hour the fame. The blue refembles the Colour of the Waves of 
the Sea, which are extreme inconllant. 

Fig. 156. Idololatria: I D L A T (1( I. 

A blind Woman, upon her Knees, offering Incenfe to the Statue of a 
brazen Bull 

Blind, becaufe (liedocs not rightly perceive whom llie ought principally 
to adore, and jrorfhip. It needs no farther Explanation, foe all thole Ads 
of Adoration flic l^lwiiiy renders to Creatures, whereas (he ought to adore 
the Creator only. 



>^^ 39 

40 iS&oiAl etnblcniS. 

Fig. 157. Umbria : U M ^ ^ 1 A 
An old Woman, in an antique Orel?, with a Helmet ; fitting amongft 
^many ,k)fty Mounraias, that ovcrlhadow part of her Body; holds a 
Temple out of the Shadow, and leans her Arm upon a Rock, whence 
fiow rapid Streams, over which is a Rainbow; two Twins, on one fide, 
holding a Cornuccfii, and on the other a huge white Bull ; with feveral 
Hills and fpacioui Plains, round about ; which (hews the Profpc^ of thac 


.FvG. 158. Tofcana: T U S C J N Y. 

A^Lady in 'a rich Garment, with a Mantle over all, powder'd with 
Ermin; the Grand Duke's Crown on her Head ; feveral Arms on the left 
fide, and the River ^r;?^ ; that is an old Man with long Hair and Beard, 
loUingupon an Urn, whence fprings Water; the River has a Garland of 
Beech; a, Lion lying by; an ancient Altar on the right, with Fire on it; 
in the middle, "Priefls Garments, according to the heathen Cuftom ; and 
with the left, holds a Gillyflower, and a Book; which fignifies the 
Bcjuty and Learning of Tufc.wp 

F 3 G. I 59. Imitatione : I M 1 T J T I N. 

A Woman holding Pencils in her right Hand ; a Mask in her left, and 
an Ape at her Feet. 

The Pencils are ihe Inftruments of the Art that imitates Colours, and 
the Figure producd by Nature, or by Art itfelf The Mask and Ape 
demondrate the Imitat/ofJO^ human Adions -, the Ape imitates Men, and 
the other the Deportmem oi Men u^^on the Stage. 

F 1 G. 140. Hofpitalici : HOSTlTjLITY. 

A lovely Woman, her Forehead furrounded with a Crown fct with 
Jewels : with her Arms open, to relieve fomc body, a Cornucopia full of 
all NeceHaries ; clad in white, and overall a red Mantle, under which Ihe 
holds an Infant naked, fecming to participate fome of the Fruit with her, 
and a Pilgrim lying on theGround. 

Handfom, becaiife Works of Charity are acccptahle to G0J. The 
Golden Circle denotes her thinking of nothing but Chanty. In white, 
fhvWS thac Hofpitalicy ought to be pure. 


f. 40 


41 £0o;tal emblems* 

Fig. i6i. Ingegno : I N G E N U I T t 

A young Spark of a vehement, daring Afpc(fl", with aHclmcr, whofe 
Creft is an Eagle; Wings of divers Colours on his Shoulders; with a 
Bow and Arrow, as if he would let fly. 

Vouch Ihevvs thac the Intellcd ȣvcr grows old : His Afped, Strength 
and f^igour : The Eagle, Gcnerojity and Loftincfs : The Bow and Arrow, 
Jnquijitivcihjs and Acutcncfs. 

Fig. \6i. Indocilita : 1 N D C 1 L 1 T I. 

A Woman of a ruddy Countenance; lying all along ; holding an Afs 
by the Bridle, the Bit in his Mouth, in one Hand, and leans her Elbow 
of the right Arm on a Hog upon the Ground ; with a black Hood on her 

On the Ground flgnifiesher/W^^/7/Vv, not being able to rife higher, but 
flands dill with her Ignorance, intimated by the Afs. The Hog denotes 
Jnjcn/ihility, and Stupidity, never being good till dead. The Hood, that 
Black never takes any other Colour. 

Fig. i6j. Inidligcnza : INTELLIGENCE. 

A Woman in a Gold Crape Gown, crown'd with a Garland, holding a 
Sphere in one Hand, and a Serpent in the other. 

The Gown fliews that he Ihould he always fplend/d, and precious like 
Gold, averfe from abjed Notions. The Sphere and Serpent, her creeping 
along into the Principles of ;?^t/«rj/ Things, that are more imperfedl than 
tjje iupernatural, and more fuitable to the Sphere of our Adivity. 

F 1 G. 1 64. Ingiuftitia : INJUSTICE. 

A Man in a white Garment full of Spots ; a Sword in one Hand, and a 
Goblet in the other; the Tables of the Law all broken to pieces, on the 
Ground ; blind of the right Eye, and tramples on the Balance. 

His Garment denotes Injullice to be the Corruption and St.iin of the 
Mind. The Laws broken, the Non-ohfervance of them, being defpis'd 
by Mahfa^ors ; and the due weighing of Mdiitcvz nsglcffcd, intimated by 
the Balance. The blind Eye fhews that he fees only with the left ; that is, 
his own Intcrefl, 



41 ^oiAi emblems!* 

Fig. 165. Intrepidird: U NV AU NT B D K E S S. 

A vigorous Vouch in white and red, fliewing his naked Arms ; feeming 
CO fiay for, and fuftainthc Shock of a Bull. 

His Arms Ihew his Confi^ience in his own Valour, to fight the Bull, which, 
being provok'd, becomes fierce, and requires a defperate Force to refill 
him: for Undauntcdncfs is the Excefs of Bravery and Stoutncfs ; and we 
call a Man undMtntcJ, when, for Tome Ends proposed to him(elf, he fears 
not what others ufually fear. 

Fig. \66. Inganno: DECEIT, 
A Man cloathd with the Skin ofa Goat ; from the Middle, downwards, 
are two Serpents Tails; in one Hand, Fiihhooks, in the other a Net, full 
of Fiili ; a Panther by him, with his Head between his Legs ; llicws that 
Filh are catch'd by deceiving them; and the Panther by hiding his Head, 
and fliewing his fine Skin, inticcs other BeafliS ; the two Serpents Tails 
lliew Deceit, 

F 1 G. 1 67, Invcftigatlonc : 7 % A C 1 K G. 

A Woman, her Head wing'd, her Garment fpread all over with AntS; 
holding up her right Arms, and Fore-finger, with which flie points at a 
Crane, and with the other Fore-finger, a Hound, in full Scent after his 

The Wing denotes Elevation of the Intel led ; the Pifmires always 
fearching out what is mod convenient for their Livelyhood : The Crane, 
an inqtiijitivc Man, that would invcfligate fublime Things at a Didancc. 

Fig, 168. Invcntione: IKVEKTION. 

This Millrefs of Arts appeals in a white Robe, whereon is written, 
NON ALIUNDE; two little Wings on her Head ; in one Hand, the 
Image of Nature, a Cuff on the other, with thc^ Motto, AD OPERAM, 

Youth denotes many Spirits in the Bt\iin, where Invention is form'd ; 
the white Robe, the Purcnejs of it, not making Ufe of other Mens Labor, 
as the Motto fhews. The Wings, Ehvition of intellcd ; naked Arms, 
her being ever in AcJion, the Life of invention. The Image of Nature 
ihcws her Inyention. 




45 C133MI CniblcntS* 

Fig. 169. Irrefolutione : IRRESOLUTION. 

An old Woman rircinj, a black Clotli wrapt about her Head; in each 
Hand a Crow, Iccmlng to croak. 

Sitting, bccaufb knowing the Difficulty of Things, (lie docs not d.liberate 
which is hz\\. Old Age, becaufe /^«^ Experience makes Men unreiblv'd. 
The Crow feeming to croak out CRAS, CRAS, Mens putting off, from 
Day to Day, when they ihould difpatch. The black Cloth, Obfcurity m 
her Intellect, making her to be in a Quandary. 

Fig. 170. Ira: A K G B % 
A young Man, round flioulder'd, his Face bloated, fparkling Eyes, 
a round Brow, a fliarp Nofe, wide Nodrils ; he is arm'd, his Creft is a 
Boar's Head ; from which ifTues Fire and Smoak ; a drawn Sword, in one 
Hand, and a lighted ToFch in the other, all in red. 

Young, fubjedl to Anger. The Bear is an Animal much inclined to 
Wrath ; The Sword (liews that Anger prefently lays hold on it. The puft 
Cheeks, that Anger often dters the Face, by the Boiling of the Blood ; 
and inflames the Eyes. 

Fig. 17 !. Italia: I T A Lt 
A very comly Lady, in a fumptuous Raiment, with a Mantle over it; 
fitting upon a Globe ; crown'd with Towers ; a Scepter in one Hand ; 
and in the other, a Cormcopia ; with a bright Star over her Head ; all 
which denote her the Miftrefs of the World, for Arms and Arts, Beauty 
and P lent J of all good Things. 

Fjg. 172. Iftitutione : IN S 7 ITU T I K 

A Woman holding, in her right Hand, a little Basket with Swallows in 
it, which, they fay, is the Hieroglyphic of Inftitution, among the 
Egyptians, from the Benefit given to Mortals by Ofyris and Ceres, from 
whom they receiv'd the Laws of Living well, and the Precepts of Tilhng 
the Ground. Ofyris was taken for Jupiter ; and Ceres the Goddefs ofCorn. 


i7^. ^na^,. 


44 Q3^iiil CmblcinS; 

Fig 17 }. Roma Vittoriofa : ViEloriom \0 ME. 
Rome fitting upon three Targets ; with her right Hand flic holds a SpCar; 
behind Rem: llanJs wiiig'd y'tclon, her Foot 011 a Globe, putting a 
Laurel- Crovvn on her Head. To difcourfc o{ victorious Rom: is fuperfluous. 

Fig 174 Icalia &: Roma : 17 A LY and (^0 M E. 

\n the Medal of Mut'.tts Cordus, is to be feeii, on one and the fame 
Rcverfe, //.//y and /?ow(? together : /^/y on the right fide, with Mercury s 
Ciduceus behind, for the Eloquence, Dijcipline, and Liberal Arts, that 
flourilh therein. And a Cornucopia, in the left Arm ; by reafon of the 
■Umon and C£';7r^r^ wherewith flie rules it. 

Fig 175. Liguria; L 1 G U ^ 1 J, 
A meagre Woman, fitting upon a Stone ; in a Golden VeO: ; in the 
Palm of her Hand, lifted up, is an Eye ; and holds out a Palm-branch 
with her left Hand ; at her right fide a Rudder ; and a Shield at her left, 
with two or three Darts. 

Meagre, upon a Stone, declares this Province to be ^4rrf;?; her Golden 
Veft, the Riches, wherewith the Inhabitants abound. The Palm, the 
great Honour this Province receives every Year from this Plant, becaufe, 
with its Branches, the Pope, every Lent, hU([es and diflributcs. The 
Helm, their good Management of maritime Affairs. 

Fig. 176. Rcma fanta : Holy (1^0 ME. 

A Woman arm'd, with a Veft of Purple, embroider'd with Gold ; for 
a Crefl, over the Helmet, a Charader ; a Spear in her right Hand, over 
which is a Crown of Gems, within which, is the fame Charadler, and 
the Sign of the Crofs below ; a Serpent under the Spear: In her left 
a Scutcheon, with the Crofs- Keys, one of Gold, the other of Silver, in 
a Field Gules ; a triple pontifical Crown over the Keys. 

Purple was the Habit of the /Cings, Senators, and Emperors of Rome ; as 
it is now of the Cardinals and Popes, The Serpent denotes Idolatry, 
introduc'd by the old Serpent. 

y^'ictoruTuj' J^ 

^PP^^"^ 44 

45 £0o?ai CmWcms. 

Fig. 177. Marca : M A % C A. 

A pretty Lady, of a manly Countenance, leaning, with one Hand, on 
a Target, crofs-over which is a Launcc ; a Helmet on her Head, for a 
•Creft, a Magpy ; with the other, hoUs (bmc Ears of Corn, about to 
give them away, and a Dog by her. 

Handlbm, bccaufc of the Variety of Rivers, Hills, Dales, and Plains, 
making this Country very jfrcit). The Arms (hew the good Soldiers. 
The Magpy is the Bird of M.irs, and it was formerly call'd Agcr Piccms, 
noted for nurlike Men. 

F 1 G. 178. Abmzzo : A ^ %U Z Z 0. 

A Virago, all in green, (landing in a mountainous Place ; holds a Spear 
in her right Hand, and with her left holds forth a Basket full of Saffron ; 
with a fine Horfe by her Side. 

Her (landing denotes the Nature of the 5^/7. She is clad in green, (lout, 
and ludy, becaufe the Inhabitants arc fuch. The Saffron denotes the 
Prodtt^, as does the Horfe. 

Fig. 179. Mondo : T/;^ W0%L1>. 

It is Tany with the Face of a Goat, fun-burnt. Horns on his Forehead, 
indead of a Garment, a Panther's Skin ; holds a Stick in one Hand, 
turning back like a Shepherd's Crook ; and in the other a Muhcal 
Indrument of feven Pipes ; from the Middle, downward, in the Form of 
a rugged He-goat. 

The Word Pan fignilies the Univerfe ; and the Ancients decypher'd the 
World by this Figure ; and by the Horns, the Sun and Moon, 

Fig. 180. Romagna: 5(^ A/ A N 1 A. 

A Lady, with a fine Garland of Lime-tree, with Leaves and Flowers, 
and Madder : A Pine-branch, with its Apples, in her right; in her left, 
fome Millet, and Stalks of young Beans. 

All thofe Trees denote that Province abounding with them, where they, 
are better than elfewhcre, and in greater Plenty. 



46 fS^oita €\\Mtn\S. 

Fig. i8i. Campagna Felice : CAM^ANU FELIX, 

Tis E,>cc/jus and Ceres, wrcftling, and equally match'd. Bacchus is 
crown'd with a Vine-branch, and Grapes ; Ceres With Ears of Corn : on 
Bdcc/juj s Side :in Elm, incompafs'd with a Viae; towards Qm, a Corn- 

All this denotes abundance of Bread and IVwe; they not yielding to 
one another, as to their Produdions. 

Fig. 182. Latio: L A T 1 U M. 

'Tis the Figure of old Saturn, with a long Beard, fitting in a Grotto, 
with a Scith , where a Woman fits, upon Armour of all Sorts ; on her 
Head many Flowers; in her left Hand, a Crown of Laurel, and in her 
right, a Sword. 

Latiuw is the mod famous Part of Italy, which Saturjj reprefents ; 
becaufe it got that Name by hiding him, when he fled from his Son 
Jupiter. The Scith denotes his teaching Agriculture. The Woman 
reprefents Rome, as communicating all its Splendour to it. The Laurel, 

Fig. 18}. Puglia: J f U L I J. 

A Woman fun-burnt, with a thin Veil, and Tarantola's fpeckled ; in a 
dancing Podure; an Olive-Garland in one Hand, in the other, Ears of 
Corn ; with a Scork on one Side, a Serpent in its Beak, and on the other, 
Mufical Inftrumcnts 

Her Colour, and Garment, denote the Heat of the Country. The 
Tarantolas fpeckled, are only found in this Province, it denotes the 
yaricty of their Venom, for being bitten, fome dance, feme laugh, d'c. 
The In'rumcnts denote the Cure of thofe Symptoms by Mufic. The 
Stork, the Killing of Serpents, and therefore 'tis Death to kill a Stork. 
Tha Ears of Corn, the Abundance of P^^^^;?/-, A/V^, &c. 

F 1 G. 1 84. Calabria ; CALA^%1A, 
A Woman of a brown, clear Complexion, allinred; a Garland bedew'd 

with Manna, in one Hand, and in the other a Branch of Broom ; at her 

Feet Sugar-canes. 

HerbrownComplcxion, and red Habit, denote the Operation of the 

//f4fofthe Sun, being her Friend. The Garland denotes the /^4/V//>^ of 

Manna upon the Elm. The Grapes, the Abundance of Wins ; the Canes> 

the Abundance oi Sugar made here. 



Z'- 46 

47 fi^ojftl emblems* 

Fig. 185. Europa : EU %0 f E. 

A Lady in a very rich Habit, of fcveral Colours, fitting between two 
crofs ConwcopiM ; the one full of all Sorts of Grain ; and the other of 
black and white Grapes; holding a Temple in her right Hand, and witli 
thcFore-fingcrof the left Hand, points at Scepters and Crowns; a Horfc 
amongft Trophies and Arms ; a Book, alfo, with an Owl on it ; many 
Mufical InHruments by her, and a Palat for a Limner, with Pencils. 

All which flicws it to be the principal Part of the World, for Religion, 
Arti and Arms. 

Fig, \U. Giuditio giufto : J U ST JU D G M E NT 

A Man in a long, grave Robe, with a human Heart for a Jewel, engraved 
with the Image of Truth ; (lands with his Head inclined, and his Eyes 
fixt on open Law-books, at his Feet; which denotes /;?/^^r//; in a Judge, 
who never ought to take his Eyes off the Juftice of cIk Laws, and 
Contemplation of naked Trnth 

F I G. 1 87. Invernaca : W I K T E % 
An eld Female, in a long Mantle, furr'd ; her Head cover'd ; of a 
doleful Afpea : her left Hand wrap'd in her Garment, holding it up to 
her Face, with Tears in her Eyes ; a wild Boar, and a Flame-pot, by her 
Side ; which (hews this cold Seafon. 

Fig. 188. Giuftitia : JUSTICE. 

A Virgin all in white ; blinded ; in her right Hand (he holds the Roman 
Fafces, with an Ax in it; in her left, a Flame, and anOftrich by her fide. 

The White (hews that (lie (hould be fpotlefs, void of Paffion, without 
Refpe^ of Perfons, as (lie, being hoodwinked, declares. The Fafces denote 
Whipping for Small Ofl^ences, and cutti^^g p/ the Head for Hainous ones. 
The Oftrich, that Things (hould be ruminated u^on, how hard foever they 
be, astheOftrich, in time, digeds hard Iron. 

^87- ^^z- 


4H i!l9ojal CniWcnis^ 

Fig 189. Sicilia: S 1 C I L 1. 

A \cry bandfom Lady, fitting in a triangular Place, (urroundcd witk 
Water ; her Head is adorn'd with rich Gems ; in her right Hand is 
Mercury s Rod, in her left, a Bunch of Flowers, mixt with Poppy and 
Ears of Corn; and behind is Mount yEtna, vomiting Fire and Smoak. 

Her Hand fomnefs, drc denotes the fitM///^ and /\/V/;tj of the Ifle: The 
Gems, that the Sicilians are ingenious, and famous for Invention, 
M(rcut)S Rod, their Eloquence ; and that they were Inventors o^ Oratory, 
and p^flcral loetry. The Corn, that llic is the Granary of Italy. ^SLina is 

Fig. 190. Sardegna : S J (^ T> I N 1 A. 

A lufly, proper Woman ; with a tawny Countenance, (landing upon a 
Stone, rclembiing the Sole of a Foot, incompafs*d with Water ; with an 
Olive-Garland; clad in green; an Antelope by her Side; and a handful 
ol Corn, and a Bunch of Smallage in her Hand. 

Tan d denotes the Heat of that Ifle ; the Garland fhews that they live 
in Pe^ce, there being no ofTenfive Weapon made there. The Corn, the 
Plenty of it. The Herb Sardonia, becaufe whofo eats it, dies laughing. 
The Antelope, becaufe it is no where but in this Ifle, and in Corfica, The 
Foot fliews the Shape of the Ifland. 

fiG. 191. Ifphatione: INS^PI^^ATION. 

A glittering Ray, in a ftar-light Night, darts on the Bread of a young 
Man in yellow ; with his Hair knotted, and mixt with Serpents ; looking 
up to Heaven : a naked Sword, the Point on the Ground, in one Hand, 
and a Sun-Hower in the other. 

The Starry Sky fignifies the Grace o{God infpiring the Mind. The Hair, 
^c. that a Sinner can have only Irutifh and horrid Thoughts, Looking 
upward denotes, that without Grace and Infpiration, the Mind cannot 
be d.vated above Earthly Things. The HeHotroj)c, that as it always 
turns toward the Sun, fo a Sinner once infpir'd, turns, with all Affedion, 
towards God. 

Fig. 192, Idea: IDEA 

A beautiful Lady, rapt into the Air ; covering her Nakednefs only 
with a fine white Veil ; a Flame on her Head ; her Forehead furrounded 
with a Circle of Gold fet with jewels; flic has the Image of Nature in 
her Arms, to which {he gives fuck; and points at a very fine Country, 
lying undernearh. 

In the Air, hecau^c immaterial, and confequently inm;utalle; naked, 
exempt from ccrpcreal l^2{\]cn : the white Veil, the Purity of Ideas, 
diflcring from corporeal Things : The Golden Circle denotes the 
Perfcffion of Ideas, being the Model of all "i hings. The Country 
pointed at, the inferiour, f.n/ille World, 



49 £0ojal einbicms* 

Fig. 195. Lf ga ; A LEAGUE, 
Two Women with Helmets, embracing one another; Spears in their 
Hands, on which are a Heron and a Crow. 

Arm'd, and Embracing, to denote their Couord to help one another, 
with their Arms. The Birds, Enemies to the Fox at their Feet, which 
they unanimoufly affmlt together, as being Encm^ to them both. 

F 1 G. 1 94. Lealta : LOYALTY, 
A Woman in a thin Garment; in one Hand holding a lighted Lantern, 
on which (he gazes ; and in the other a Mask, with many Patches ; (lands 
as if fhe would fling it againft a Wall. 

The thin Raiment (hews that the Words of a Loyal Perfbn (hould be 
accompanied with Sir?cerity. The Lantern, that a Man fliould be of the 
fame Quality, vrithin and without, as the Lantern fends out the fame Light 
as is within. . The Mask, her def^ng all feigningy double Meaning, and 

F I G. 195. Libero arbitrio : F^EE-WILL. 

One of juvenile Age, in a royal Habit of divers Colours ; a Crown on 
his Head, and a Scepter in his Hand, on the top of which is the Greek 
Letter T. 

He is young, becaufc Difcretion is requifitc, to attain to his End by due 
Means. The Habit, Crown and Scepter, (xgrn^QhisahfolutePovrer. The 
divers Colours (hew his not hting deter mind, and that he can adl by divers 
Means. The Letter T declares the two Ways in Man's Life, Firtue and 
yice, as it is divided at the Top. 

Fig. 196. Liberaliii : Ll^E^ALlYY. 

A Woman with a fquare Forehead, in a white Veil ; an Eagle over her 
Head ; holds a Comuccpiay turn'd upfide down, in one Hand, whence are 
(catter'd Jewels, and other precious Things ; and in the other Hand, 
Fruit and Flowers. 

The Eyes and Front refemble the Lion, the moft liberal of all irrational 
Creatures. The Eagle denotes the Habit of Liberality, for (lie always 
leaves fome of her Prey to other Birds. The two Cornucopia (hew that a 
generous Spirit (liould do Good, not out of Fain-glorf, The white, that 
file hasno//;//^rDerign, nor Prorpe(^ of /^/frc/. 



JO <S0oiiii emblems* 

FJG. 197. Lode: (P % A 1 S n. 

A fair Lady allin white, wearing a Jewel of Jafpcr at kr Bread ; a 
Garland of Rofcs ; holds a Trumpet in her right Hand, out of which 
ilTucs great Splcndovir ; her left Arm extended ; and feems to point at 
ibmc particular Perfon. 

Handlbm, becaufe our Ears arc delighted with nothing more than Praife. 
The Jafper and Rofes denote Prj//c, for thole who wear them get all Men's 
Favour and Applaufe. The Trumpet, Reputation of tho(e who defervc 
Praiic. She points at (om^ho^ly fraifvrorthj. 

Fig. 198. Libidine : LUST. : ' 
A pretty handfom Lady, wMth coarfe black Hair, plaited about her 

Temples ; fparkling wanton Eyes ; her Nofe turning upward ; leaning 

upon her Elbow; a Scorpion in her Hand ; a He-goat by her fide, and a 

Vine with Grapes. 

The Scorpion is an Emblem of Lufi, as is the Goat : Her Pofturc 

denotes Idlenefs, which foments Ltifl, The Vine is a Token of Lufl, for 

fine Cercre & B\tccho friget. f^ems. 

F I G. 199. Luffuria : L W X M (^ I 
A young Damfel, with her Hair finely curl'd ; in a manner naked ; fits 

on a Crocodile, and makes much of a Partridge. 

Naked, becaufe Luxury [quanders array the Goods of Fortune, and deflrojs 

thofe of the Soul. The Crocodile, for her Fecundity, denotes Luxur) ; 

and her Teeth, tied to the right Arm, excite Luji, as 'tis faid. 

Fig. 100. Loquacita: L Q^U A C I 1 Y, 

A young Woman gaping, in a Habit of changeable Taffccy, with 
Crickets and Tongues ; a Swallow on the Crown of her Head, going to 
chirp, and a Magpy. 

The Magpy denotes Prating that oflends the Ears ; the Tongues, alfo, 
too much Talkativenefs; the Swallow, on her Head, tlut Prating didnrhs 
the Head of the auiet (ludious Perfon. The Duck, at her Feet, denotes 
mud TalkAtiveneJs. 


51 ^ !^o?Al emblems* 

F J G. 201. MeJitatione : MEDlTATlOK. 

A Woman of mature Age, and a grave, modeft Afped; fictingupona 
Heap of Books, in a thoughtful Pofture, and a Book clos'd upon her Icfc 
Knee, her Hand (upporting her Head, meditating fomc PafTage ofir. 

Gravity fuitswith her Age : Her holding up her Head with her Hand, 
denotes the Grjx/;>; of her Thoughts, that are to be put in Execution not 
all at a venture. The Book lliuc, her refic&ing upon the Knowledge of 
Things, to form a true Opinion. The Books contain natural Principles, 
by which, Men proceed to their Enquiry after Truth. 

F 1 G. 2 01. Mathematica : MATHEMATICS, 
A Woman of middle Age, cover'd with a white tranfparent Veil ; Wings 

on her Head ; a celeftial Globe in her left Hand, and in her right a pair of 

Compafles, wherewith llie traces feveral Figures ; and feems to fpeak, 

inftruding a Child. 

Ancient, becauie Time is requifite to the Attaining of this Science ; the 

Habit denotes the Clearncj's ^nd Evidence of her Proofs; the Wings, her 

Elevation to high Contemplation : The Globe and Compafles are her 

Inftruments in Operation. 

F 1 G. 2o;. Victoria : VICTORY. 

A young Lady cloth'd in Gold ; Wings on her Shoulders, holding in 
her right Hand, a Garland of Laurel, and Olive; in her left, a Palm-branch, 
luting upon a Multitude of Trophies of Arms, and Spoils of Enemies of 
all Sorts. 

The Laurel, Olive, and Palm, were Signs of Honour and Victory, 
amongft the Ancients, as their Medals fliew. 

F I G. 204. Mcdicina : J" H 1 S 1 C K: 
A Woman of full Age, with a Laurel-Garland ; a Cock in one Hand, 
and a knotty Staff, round which a Serpent is twilled. 

Her Age ihews that then a Man is either a Fool or a Phy/tcian. The 
Laurel denotes its great Ufe in Phyfick. The Cock, Figilance, for a 
Phyfician that adminifters ought to be up at all Hours. The Serpent, 
bccaufe by calling her Skin, {\[iQ h renew d-, fo do Men, being cur'd, renew 
their Strength. 


^aM^^^ ^, 

J 2 £0D?ai eutbUttis* 

Fig 10 V Merico: M E ^17, 
Is rcprcfcntcd by a Man in rich Apparel, (landing upon the Point of a 
Rock, crown'd w ith Laurel ; one Arm is naked, the other arm'd, holding 
a Book and a Scepter. 

Standing on a Rock lliews the Dificultf to deferve any thing; his rich 
Apparel, the Habit of Firtue, by which he performs Adtions deferving 
Commendation. The Book and Scepter, the bare Arm and arm*d one, 
flgnifie t\ro Sorts of Merit, obtain'd by Arts or Arms, by which Men 
command others. 

Fig. io6. Mcmoria grata : Grateful REMEMBRANCE. 

A young Woman of a graceful Countenance, crown'd with a Branch of 
Juniper, with Berries on it ; holds a great Nail, and (lands between a 
Lion and an Eagle. 

The Juniper never irithers, neither does the Memory of Benefits received. 
The Juniper isfaid to help the Memory. The Nail, the tenacious Memory. 
The Lion and Eagle, the Remembrance o^ Kindnefs receivd; the one is 
King of Beafts, the other of Birds ; they are both Enemies to Ingratitude, 

Fig. 207. Modcftia: MODESTY, 
A young Girl with a Scepter in her right Hand, having an Eye on the 
Top; all in white; with a Golden Girdle: hangs down her Head, no 
Ornament on it. 

Her plain Head-dre(s (hews her content with little, ob(erving a due 
Decorum : The Girdle the fubduing her unruly PalTions ; her down- Look, 
and ledacc Pofture, her Mode/iy, without lofty Looks. The Scepter and 
Eye, that ihe has an Eye on Danger, and over her Paffions, to make them 
lubmit to Reafon. 

Fig. 108. Mezo : A M E T> I U M 

A Man upon the tcrredrial Globe, in a Golden Mantle; holding, in 
his right Hand, a Circle, divided into two equal Parts; and points at his 
Navel with a Finger of his left. 

Mans EOatc, becaufe it is the Middle of our Life, and that Age is the 
Vigour of Body and Mind. He (lands upon the Middle of the Globe. 
The Golden Mantle denotes the F\iluc of Virtue, which confifls in Medio, 
cjr dimidittm fins toto. The Circle is the Equinoctial^ making Days and 
Nights cqnal The Sun is in the Middle of the Planets. 



'^^^ 52 

5 J i^o?ai emblems* 

FlG. 209. Africa : AFRICA. 

A Blackmoor Woman, almoft naked ; frizl'd Hair ; an Elephant's 
Head for her Creft ; a Necklace of Coral ; and Pendents of the fame, at 
her Ears ; a Scorpion in her right Hand, and a Cormcopia, with Ears of 
Corn, in her left ; a fierce Lion by her, on one Side, and a Viper and 
Serrent on the other. 

Naked, becaufc it does not abound with Riches. The Elephant is 
only in Jfrica. The Animals fliew that it abounds with them. 

Fig. 210. Ada : ASIA 
A Woman wearing a Garland of various Flowers and Fruits ; in a rich 

Garment embroider'd ; in her right Hand holds Branches with Fruit of 

Cajjia, Pepper and Cloves ; a Cenfer in her left, fmoaking ; a Camel on 

its Knec5. 

The Garland fignifies that Afia produces delightful Things neceffary for 

human Life ; her Garment, the great Plenty of thofe rich Materials ; 

the Bundle of Spices, that (he diftributes them to other^Parts of the World. 

The Cenfor fhews the odoriferous Gums, and Specs it produces. The 

Camel is proper to Afu, 

Fig. 211. Morte: DEATH. 

This Figure is a Skeleton, cover'd with a rich Mantle, embroider*d 
with Gold ; its Face cover'd with a fine Mask, 

The Skeleton, &c. declares that vvhilft fhe drips Grandees of all that 
they have, fhe cures the Afflided of all their Trouble. The fine Mask, 
that (he is gentle to fome, terrible to others; indifferent to the couragious, 
and odioiu to Cowards. 

Fig. 212. America : AMERICA. 

A Woman almoft naked ; a tann d Afped ; has a Veil folded over her 
Shoulder ; round her Body, an artificial Ornament of Feathers of divers 
Colours ,• in one Hand a Bow, and a Quiver by her Side ; under one Foot 
a human Head pierc'd with an Arrow, and a Lizard on the Ground. 

Naked, becaufe the Inhabitants are all fo. The Arms are what both 
Men and Women ufe there. The Head (hews that they are Cannibals. 
The Lizard, they arefo big here, that they devour Men. 


2ic. Sl^i^^ 

54 i©o?iVl (J^mblemsi- 

Fig. 213. Origine d'Amore : The O^IGIKAL of LOVE. 
A young licaucy with a round Miroir, expos'd to the Sun, whofe 
Reflexion lets Fire on the Flambeau in the other Hand; underneath is a 

The Sight of her confirms our Belief of her Beauty, reprefented by the 
Sun and Glafs, juft as the Rays of a Miroir, expos'd to the Sun, light 
a Torch; fo Mens Eyes, meeting with thofe of a beautiful Woman, a 
flame is foon kindled in the Heart. 

Fig. 214. Monarchia mondana : Worldly MO NA^CHY. 

A young Lady, of a haughty Look, in Armour; a Diamond at her 
Bread, and has her Head encompafled with fplendid Rays ; Golden 
Socks on her Legs, fet with precious Stones : She has three Scepters iti 
her Hand; where is a Scroul, OMMIBI/S UNVS. On her right Side a 
Lion, and a Serpent on her left. Prifonerscrownd, chain'd and proflrate; 
with Trophies. 

Her Youth denotes Amhition ; the haughty Look> admiring our own 
Excellenq. Arm d, for Fear, and to fare others. The Diamond, not 
yielding to any Force, fo one who domineers, refifls every thing. The 
Sun, fliews that (he would be all done, who prefumes to be above others ; 
and that none fliould come near to look on her. The Finger and the 
Motto, are Signs of Freeminenee and Commmd. 

Fig. 215. Pace : f E A C E. 

A young Woman, wing'd, and crown'd with Olive and Ears of Corn; 
a Lion and Lamb together, and (etting Fire to Trophies of Arms. 

The Olive was always an Emblem oi Peace ; the Ears of Corn lliew that 
Peace produces Plenty. The Lion and Lamb fignifie that Peace unites 
heftial Ferity with Gentlenefs, changes the Cruelty of People at Enmity, 
into mutual Amity, Setting Fire to the Arms denotes Peace. 

Fig. 216. Qbfcquio : C U ^7 E S 1 E. 

A Man of a viril Age, with a Cap in Hand, and bowing in an humble 
manner, and making a Leg ; holding, in one Hand, a Lion and a Tiger 

He is uncover'd to Ihevv the Suhmifion, whereby he drives to get Friends, 
lor O^fequiurrt amicos parit. The wild Beads tied fignify that Courtefy 
has the Power q{ taming frond , haughty , choleric k Men, 

iiial o/ j^ 


J 5 ^o?al emblems* 

Fig. 217. Malinconia : TENSirBNESS. 

An old Woman full of Grief, in piciful Cloths, without Ornament; 
fitting upon a Stone ; her Elbows upon her Knees, and both Hands 
under her Chin ; a Tree by her, without Leaves. 

Old, bccaufe Youth is^jcvijl; flie is poorly clad, which fuits with the 
Tree, without Leaves. The Stone ihews that (he is barren, in Words and 
Deeds ; but though flie feems lifilcfs in the Winter, in politick Adions, 
yet in the Spring, when there is need of wife Men, then penfive Men 
are found, by Experience, tohcjuduicfts. 

Fig. 218. Piacere: TLEASU^E. 

A Youth crown'd with a Myrtle Garland, half cloth'd, wing'd ; a 
Harp in his Hand, and Buskins on his Legs. 

The Myrtle denotes the fame, being dedicated to f^ems, wherewith 
Paris was crown'd, when he pad Judgment in Favour of her. His Wings, 
that nothing -y^^/'/^ifj fooner than Pleafure^ the Harp, the Tickling of his 
Senfes with Mi/ic; his Buskins [n'conftancy, and \\\s Undervaluing Gold 10 
latiate his Appetite. 

Fig. 219. Mitrimonio : MJT^IMONY. 

A young Man richly cloth'd, with a Yoak on his Neck ; a Quince in 
one Hand ; Stocks on his Legs ; and a Viper underneath. 

The Yoak and Stocks demonllrate Matrimony, the Lofs of Liberty by 
fubmitting ro the capricious Humours of a Woman .- the Quince, 
Fruitfuhcfs, and r^intual Lov:. The Viper denotes the Woman's treading 
underfoot all Thoughts ttmrorthy of Praife ; and contrary to her Promife. 

Fig. 220. Malice : MALICE, 
An old Hag, very ugly, in a yellow Garment, all interwoven with 
Spiders, and inllead of Hair, her Head is (urrounded with a thick Cloud 
oi Smoak; a Knite in one Hand, and a Puric in the other; a Peacock 
en one fide, and a raging Bear on the other. 

Yellow denotes Treafon and Craft The Spiders fliew that Malice is like 
them, vv hich weave deceitful Nets for Flies The Smoak, that Malignity 
0' jcures i\-\(^ S\g\\i of the Mind The Peacock, Fridc, which never goes 
alone, one Vice drawing another, which is denoted by the ^J^'p^ Bear. 


^. 55 


j®o?al CanbltniiJ. 

Fig. lit. Nobilrd: N (B 1 L I T 1 
A Lady in a grave Habit, with a Spear in one Hand, and the Pidure 

of MincrvA in the other. 

The Gravity Ihcws the Modes and grave Carriage, requirM in noble 
Perfons The Spear and Minerva ilicw that all Nobility is acquir'd by 
Arts or Arms ; Minerva being the Protedricc of both alike. True 
Nobility arifes from virtuous A(5tions. 

Fig. 222: Natura: n A 7 U % E. 

A naked Lady, with Cwelling Breads full of Milk, witha Vultur on 
her Hand. 

She is naked, to denote the Principle of Nature, that is a^ive or Form, 
and pafflve or Matter, The turgid Breads denote the Form, becaufe 
it maintains created Things; the Vultur, a ravenous Fowl, the Matter; 
which being alter'd and moved by the Form, deitroys all corruptible 

Fig. 22}. Neg\igenza : NEGLIGENCE. 

A Woman with a ragged patch'd Garment, with her Hair about her 
Ears, uncomb'd; lying all along, with an Hour-glafs turn'd on one Side. 

Her Hair denotes Negligence ; and that Negligence is not Mafter of its 
Adtions, and is unpleafwt.~ Her Pofture, Dejire of Refi, which occafions 
this Vice. The Glals, Time lofi, becaufe 'tis turn d on one fide. 

F 1 G. 224. Neceflira : NECESSITY. 

This Figure is a young Woman, holding in her right Hand a Hammer, 
and in her lefc a Handful of Nails : when a Thing is reduc'd to that 
pafs, that it cannot be ocherwifc, it has no Law ; and where it happens a 
Knot is tied, which it is impoflible to unloofe; it is faid to have a Ham- 
mer in one Hand, and Nails in the other, and we fay, commonly, The 
Bufmefs is done. 



57 i019o?al CmblcniS* 

Fig. 215. Offefa : OFFENCE. 

A brutifli Woman, her Cloths ruft-colour, with Tongues, prcfcnting a 
Gun to two Dogs, going to worry a Hedge-hog. 

1 he Ruft Ihows Offence ; the Tongues, that (lie offends in TV&r^s and 
Deeds. The Dogs and Hedge-hog , that thofe that do Hurt to others, 
.arc hurt thcj7i{dves. 

Fig. 216. Oblige : OBLIGATION. 

A Man arm'd ; with two Heads, and four Hands ; to demonftrate that 
a Man oblig d ads tiro Parts, v/z,. to take care ofhimfelf, and to fatisfy 
another. The Hands and Heads fignific the Dividing of the Thoughts and 

Fjg. 217. Obedienza : OBEDIENCE. 

A pious, modeft Virgin, fubmittihg to a Yoak, with the Infcription 
SUAVE on it. 

The Yoak and Crofs import the Dificultics that accompany this Virtue, 
as ^ UA VE does the Fle^'^res refulting from the Pradice, when it is 

Flo. 228. Oratione : fP % A Y E % 

An old Woman, cloth'd with a white Mantle ; looking up to Heaven, 
kneeling ; in one Hand, a fuming Cenler, a Heart in the other ; and a 
Cock on the Ground. 

Kneeling denotes her htmg confcious of her Failings', her Mantle, that 
Prayer ought to be infccret. The Heart Ihevvs that if it prays not. Lip- 
labour is in vaia. The Incenfe-pot is a Symbol of Prayer, The Cock 
denotes Vigilance. 
Fig. 229. Operatione parfetta : ^ E%F E C7 W %K^ 

Holding a Miroir, and a Square and Compafs in her Hands. 

The Glafs, wherein we fee no real Images, is a Refemblance of our 
lnte\ie6l ; wherein we phancy many Ideas of Things that are not feen ; 
but may be pradis'd by Art, by the Help of material Injlruments, which 
che Square denotes. 
Fig. 250. Operatione manifcfta: WO%l\S imit MANIFEST. 

A U'oman fliewing both her Hands open, in each of which is an Eye 
in the Palm. 

The Hands flicw the cWicUnflrumcnts of all Operations. The Eye, the 
J^'/iliry, which ought to be m.wifcft to the World : So that frivolous 
V\'orks, that arc not groundcii on Rcafon, totter, and arc eafily thrown 



.^\ h 

5« i^ojal CmbUnijS* 

Fig. i?i. Opinionc: OPINION. 

A Woman in a genteel Garb, neither handfom nor disfigur'd, but 
feems dating and bold, ready to fly in ones Face upon every thing (he 
fancies is repreicnted, and therefore has Wings on her Hands and Shoulders. 

Her Face Ihews that there is no Opinion but may be maintained and 
tmhracd, nor any (o well grounded but may be Mfiik'd. 

Fig. iji. Mifericordia : M E ^C Y, 
A Woman extreme pale, with a Roman Nofe ; an Olive Garland on 

her Head ; her left Arm bare ; a Branch of Cedar in her right; and a 

Crow at her Feet. 

Her Face denotes CompaJJton ; the Olive and Cedar are Emblems of 

Mercy. The extending of her Arm is a Sign ofReadinefs to relieve. The 

Crow is the mod mclin d to Compajpon of any other Bird. 

Fig. 2} ^ Oftinatione : O^BSTlN^Ct 

A Woman all m black; her Head furrounded with a Cloud ; holding 
an Afs's Head with both her Hands- 

Black denotes Ob(iinacj, becaufe it will take no other Colour ; fo an 
opinionative Man will never be beat out of his Error. The Clouds 
denote the Jhort-fight of the obftinatc, that makes them fo (lifT, that 
they will look no farther. The Aft Ihews that grofs Ignorance is the 
Mother of it. 

Fig. 2J4- Perfccutionc : T E%S E CUT 1 K. 

A Woman clad in Verde-greafc, and Ruft-colour; Wings upon her 
Shoulders; in a Pofture as if (he would let fly an Arrow, with a Crocodile 
at her Feet. 

The Wings, its being evermore ready and quick, in doing Milchief: 
the Bow, her (ending out bitter Words : the Crocodile, becaufe it annojs 
only the Filh that flee from it; fo Pcrfecution defires nothing more than 
to find thofe who do not refill it by their own Strength. 






}5> ^oial emblems. 

Fig. 255. Paticnza: T^TIENCE 
A Woman of mature Age, fitting upon a Stone ; wringing her 
Hands ; her naked Feet upon Thorns ; a heavy Yoak on her Shoulders. 
The Yoak and Thorns declare this invincible Virtue, to endure the 
rains of the Bodjy and a iroundid Spirit, exprefs'd by her Hands ; Patience 
iuffers Adverfity with a conflant and quiet Mind ; which is nothing but 
an invincible Virtue, declar'd in fupporting the Troubles of Body and 
Mind, rcprefented by the Thorns. 

Fig. 2j6. Parfimonia : <?A%S1U0K1[. 

A Virago modedly drcfs'd, with a pair of Compares, and a Purfe full 
of Mony, clofe ihut in her Hand, with a Label with this Motto, SERVAT 

Her virile Age declares her capable o^Reafon, and Difcretio», to join 
Ufefulnefs with Honcfty. Her plain Drefs, Hatred o^fuperfluous Expence. 
The Compafles, Order and Meafure in all Affairs. The Purfe, with the 
Motto, that it is a greater Honour to keep what one has, than to acquire or 
furchafe what one has nou 

Fig. 2J7. Peccato : SIN. 

A Youth blind, black and naked, (eems to walk through crooked 
Ways, and by Precipices; girt round with a Serpent, gnawing his Heart. 

His Youth denotes his Imprudence and Blindnefs, in committing Si», 
His Wandering fhews his deviating from, and tranfgref/t/ig the Law. Black 
and naked, (hews that Sin deprives Men of Grace, and the H'hitenefs of 
Virtue. The Serpent is the Devil, continually feeking to delude with 
falfe Appearances. 

Fig. 2j8. Pazzia : POLL 1\ 
A Perfon at Mans Eftate, in a long, black Garment ; laughing ; riding 

upon aHobby-horfe; holding, in one Hand, a Whirligig of Paft-board ; 

and plays the Fool with Children, who make him twirl it by the Wind. 
Folly is only ading contrary to due Di corum, and the common Cullom 

of Men, delighting in child illi Toys, and Things of little Moment. 




^o !0^o?al emblems* 

Fig. 259. Perfectione: VE(B^FECT10K. 

A fair Lady, in a Veft ot Gold Gauze ; her Bofora is unveil'd ; her 
Body is in the Zodiac; her Sleeves turn'd up co the Elbow, making a 
pcrfcfl Circle with the left Hand. 

The Golden Robe denotes ?crf:[iion\ the naked Bread, th« chiefeft 
Part thereof to nQHri\\^ others. The Circle, the moft ^crfcSi Figure in the 

Fig. 240. Pcricolo: J) A K G E % 
A Stripling walking in the Fields ; treads upon a Snake which bites his 
Leg ; on his right Side there is a Precipice, and a Torrent on the other; 
he leans only upon a weak Reed ; and is furrounded with Lightning from 

His Youth fliews the Danger he is in. His walking fliews that Men 
walking through flow'ry Fields of Profperity, fall into Tome CaUmitj 
unawares. The Reed (hews the Frailty of our Life, in continual Danger : 
The Lightning, that we are fubjedt, befides, to Danger from Heaven. 

Fig. 241. Pertinacia: STMSBO^^NHSS. 

A Woman all in black; a great deal of Ivy growing about her Habit ; 
Tind a Leaden Cap. 

The Black denote > Firwmjs and Ignorance, from whence proceeds 
Stuhkormfs. The Lead denotes Ignorance, and Unrvieldinefs, the Mother 
of the fame. The Ivy denotes that Opinionativenefs of obftinate Men, 
has the fame Effed upon them as the Ivy has, which makes the Wall to 
i/rr^and tumhle downy where it takes Root. 

Fig. 242. Perfuadone : VE^SUASIOK. 

A phanraftical Woman ; a Tongue faQn'd to her Head Attire, with an 
Eye over it; (lie fccms whimfical; and is tied round with Cords, with an 
Animal with three Heads. ^ 

The Tongue denotes its being the Tnftrument of Perfuajiom the Eye 
Exeraf: ^ndArt, contributing to Pcrdiafion : the Cords, Force of Eloquence, 
binding up the Will. The Animals fignific three Things ; to inftnuate, by 
the fawning Dog ; Docility by the Ape; Attention, by the Cat, which is 



6\ iS^t^iM Cmblenig* 

Fig. 24J. Poefia ; ^ E T %r 

A Lady in a sky-colour'd Garment ; with ^tars and Wings on her Head ; 
a Harp in her right Hand ; crown'd with Laurel, and a Swan at her Feet. 

The Sky-colours fignific that none can excel in this Art, if he be noc 
endowed with extraordinary Talents from Heaven. The Harp, bccaufe 
they us'd to make Poetry and Mufic to be in a harmonious Contort. The 
Crown llieWs that the Poets Defign is to be renoivnd. The Swan is the 
Emblem of Mufic ; the Starry Robe, Divinity, as having her Original from 

F I G. 144. Pieta : (p I E T 1 
A Woman of a very pale Complexion ; a Roman Nofe ; Flame indead 

of Locks: She is wing'd ; her left Hand toward her Heart,, in her right 

a Cornucopia, pouring out Things neceflary to Life. 

The Wings declare her Celerity. The Flames, the Spirit enflamd with 

the Love of God. The left Hand, that a pious Man gives Proofs of it, 

without Oflentation. The Horn of Plenty, the undervaluing of vporldly 

Riches, and a liberal Jffi (lance to the Poor. 

F I G. 245, Prattica : T^JCTlCE. 

Oppofiic to Theory. Sheisaged; her Head inclin'd ; a pair of Compares 
in one Hand, and a Rule in the other She's drefs'd in a fervile Manner. 

Her down Looks denote her regarding only that part \\c tread on, and 
aljecl Things, as appears by her Robe. Theory does not doat on Cuftom, 
but relies on the true Knowledge of Things. The Compafl'es denote Reafon, 
neceflary for the dueCondudt of AfTairs : the Rule, the Meafttre of Things, 
eftablifli d by common Conlent. 

FiG. 246. Poverra : V V E %r t. 

A Woman in a forry Habit ;* Las her right Hand faftncd to a heavy 
Stone, and expanded Wings on her left ; as if fhe was about ro fiy up. 

The Wings llgnify the Dt fire to afcendto the highell Pitch of Knowledge, 
but the Stone hinders the Scaring, and they arc obligd to flay in thcic 
abjed State, and become a Laughing- flock to the World. 

6 1 i^ojal Cmblemsi* 

Fig. 147. Premio: (^ £ JF^ (?^ ©. 

A Man cloth'd in white, with a Gold Girdle; a Palm, with an Oaken 
Branch in his right Hand, and a Crown and Garland in his left. 

The Oak and Palm denote Honour and Profit, the principal Parts of 
Rccompence. The Garment and Girdle, Truth, when Recompence is 
accompanied with Virtue; for Good done to thofe that dcferve it not, is 
not Reward. 

Fig. 248. Preccdenza: (P^ECEDENCr, 
A majeflic Woman, having a Wren on the Crown of her Head, and 

oppofes an Eagle with her right Hand, to prevent its foaring aloft to 

di (place its Rival. 

The Wren, amongO: the /?^/»4;7^, was call'd King of Birds ; ^r\di Ariflotle 

fays the Eagle often contends with it, as not enduring (he lliould have the 

Preeminence, which caufes the Antipathy between them. 

Fig. 249. Prodigalita: <P % D 1 G A L IT 1. 

A Woman hoodwink'd, of a fmiling Countenance ; holding a CornucopU 
with both her Hands ; out of which Ihc fcattcrs Gold, and other precious 

Blind, to (hew that they are fo, who fpend and fquander their Subftance 
without /?f^/^», to thofe who are unworthy, for the moll Part, obferving 
neither Rule nor Meafurc. 

Fig. 250. Principio: Jhe BEGIKNING. 

A refplendent Ray, in the (larry Sky, inlightning the Earth, adorn'd 
with Plants ; furrounding a Youth, with a Cloth covering his privy- 
Members ; in one Hand holding the Figure o[ Nature, and with the left a 
Square, where is the Letter Alpha. 

The Ray denotes the Power of God, being the firft Agent. The Stars, 
rhe Power of the Planets, the Principle of Generation. Nature, the 
■Beginning of Motion and Rcfl:. The Alpha, the Beginning of the Fovcels, 
without which, no Word can be cxprefs'd. 



6 1 fl0D?al embUins. 

Fi G. 251. Prudenza ; ^ %U V E K C E. 

A Woman with two Faces, a gildcJ Helmet on her Head ; a Stag by 
her ; a Looking-glais in her left Hand, in her right an Arrow, and a 
Rcmora Fiih twilling about it. 

The Hehnct fignificsthe iV'ifdcm of a prudent Man, to be arm'd with 
nife Counfd to defend himfelf : the Stag chewing, that vvc (liould ruminate 
before rcfolving on a Thing. Tiie Miroir bids us examine our Defcdts by 
kno'xjng ourfclvcs. The Remora, that flops a Ship, not to delay doing 
Good, when Time I'ervcs. 

Fig. 252. Profperira dclla Vita : f^OSTE^III of LIFE. 

A Woman richly clad ; in one Hand a Corriucopia, heap'd up with Mony, 
in the other an Oak-branch, with Acorns: Violets on her Head. 

The Horn of Flcnty filfd, denotes Money necc([ary to lead a profperous 
Life. The Oak, Long-life, abfolutely neceflary to it ; as do the black 
Violets, that always produce Flowers. 

Fig 25J. Purka : <P U <I(^ir Y. 

A Woman all in white, holding a white Tulip in one Hand ; has the 
Sun on her Bread ; with the other (he fcatters Corn, pick'd up by a white 

Whitenefi denotes Chaflity. The Sun denotes Purity^ illuftrating the 
Microcofm. The white Cock, as they fay, fcares the Lion ; fo Purity 
Juhducs the Power of a turbulent Spirit. The Stag denotes the fame. 

Fig. 254. Pudicitia; SJSHfULNESS. 

A Virgin all in white, with a Veil over her Face, cf the fame Colour, 
a Lily in her right Hand, and a Tortoife under her Feet. 

The white is a Token of her chaft Intentions. The Veil to hide herfelf 
fliews that a virtuous Woman ought rather to hide than cxpoPj her Beauty. 
The Lily reprefcnts Ba(hfulnefs, The Tortoife, that chall Women fliould 
not 70 much from home. 


64 i!0oiM CniMcmst* 

Tjg. ijj. Ragione: REASON. 

She is arm'd like Fallas ; upon her Helmet is a Crown of Gold; t 
drawn Sword in her right Hand ; a Lion bridled in her left; before her 
Stomach a Brcaft-place, with the numeral Cyphers. 

The Crown teaches that Reafon alone can bring valiant Men upon the 
iV^^f, and into Credit. The Sword intimates the extirpating f^icc, that 
wars againfl the Soul. The Bridle, the Command o\Qt wild Pajfions. The 
Cyphers, that as by them real Things are prov'd, Co by Reafon^ we acquire 
liiole that relate to the Common Welfare. 

Fig. 256. Querela aDio: CO Mf L AlKT to G OD. 

A Woman in a white Veil ; a forrowful Countenance ; looking up to 
Heaven ; one Hand upon her Bread, fliewing the other bitten by Serpents. 

Her Cheeks bath'd in Tears, demonftrate her Complaint ; her Looks, 
that Ihe dircds her Complaint to God. Her Hands denote the Reafon of 
her Complaint to be fome Ojfence, fignified by the Serpents. Her white 
Raiment, and Hand upon the Bread, Innocence. 

F iG. 257. Rebeliione : ^I^ESELLION. 

He looks like a /?f^f/; arm'd with a Corflec and Javelin, held in both 
Hands : For a Cred, he has a Cat, and tramples on a broken Yoak. 

Youth denotes his not enduring to he govern d: arm'd, becaufe afraid 
of fome Surprifc. The Cat iiates to be reftraind- The haughty Looks, 
the little Refped for Suferiours. The Yoak and Crown Ihew the Tovecr 
of the Latfs by him defpisd. 

F J G. 2 j8. Ragione diStato : %E ASOK of S TATE. 

A warlike Woman, arm'd with a Helmet, and Cimiter ; a green 
Petticoat fprinkled with Eyes; a Staff in her left Hand, laying her right 
upon a Lions Head 

Arm'd, to ilicw that he who ads by politick Reafons, looks upon all 
others as indifferent. The Petticoat with Eyes and Ears, reprefent Jealoufie, 
that would hear and fee every thing for its own Ends. The Staff denotes 
Command. Leaning upon the Lion, ihews that Grandees feek to bring 
all under their Reajonoi State. A Book at her Feet, the Motto JC^^. 



<5 iJ0o?al Cmblcnts. 

Fig. 259. Repulfa de Penfieri cattivi : Hani py'm^ Evil 

A Man holding a little I3abc by the Legs, as if he had a Mind to da(h 
it againil a Stone ; and below are ibmc dead, that have been fo dafli'd. 

The hifants lliew that we Ihould drive away bad Thoughts while they 
arc you?7^^ dj[}}ing them againft the Rock Chr/ft, the Bafis of our Soul. 

Fig. 160. Religione: RELIGION. 

A Woman with her Face veil'd ; Fire in her left Hand ; and in her right 
a Book, and a CroCs ; an Elephant by her fide. 

Veil'd, bccaufeflic has been ^Iw^ys fecret ; the Crofs is the vidorious 
Banner of true Religion. The Book is the Scripture, The Elephant is an 
Emblem of Religion, he adoring the Sun and Scars. 

FiG.i6\. Riforma: %EF0%MJ710K. 

An ancient Matron m a mean Habit ; a Pruning-hook in her right Hand, 
and in her left, a Book open, infcrib'd 

•— Pereunt difcrimine nullo 

Amiff<e leges That is. 

The Laws are always defended, and never perifli by any Accident. 

Old, as mod proper to reform and govern. The poor Habit fhews her 
exempt from Luxury ; the Hook to retrench all Abufes, ill Cuftoms and 

Fig. 162. Riconciliationc d'Amorc : LOVE ^econcifd, 
A Maid wearing a curious Saphir about her Neck ; in one Hand a 

Cup, and holds two little Cuftds with the other. 

The Saphir is of a celeftial Colour, has a Virtue to reconcile, and precious 

Stones prefented, commonly do fo. Tiie two Cuftds, that the FaUing out 

of Lovers is the renewing of Love ; they driving which (hould out-do one 

another, io that Love becomes redoubled. 

3^£^f£ff^. 65 


66 i^o?al CmWtinS- 

Fig. i6i. Rumore : %U U U % 
A Manarni'd with a Coat of Mail of divers Colours; throwing of Darts 

every where ; fb the ancient /Jigyftians painted him. 

The Darts fliew fifing Reports among the Multitude, as f^irgil fays, 

f^ires acqnirjt (undo. The Coat of Mail of different Colours, the 

Diverfuy of Opinions of the Rabble. 

Fig. 264. Rivalita: % 1 V A L S. 

A Damfel crown'd with Rofes ; holds out a Gold Chain with her right 
Hand : before her (land two Rams, butting at one another. 

The Rofes never without Prickles, fhew that the pleafam Thoughts of a 
Rival are not without Thorns of Jealoufic. The two Rams> all paftoral 
Eglogs are full of their jealof^s Pranks. 

F J G. 265. Sanira : HEALTH, 
A Woman in the Flower of her Age, a Cock in her right Hand, and 

in her left, a knotty Staff, with Serpents twilled round it. 

The Cock intimates the Figilancc and Care of a Phyfician. The Viper, 

Health, for the Flefli of it is one of the chief Ingredients of Vcnicc' 

Treacle. It renews its Strength by calling it§ Skin. 

Fie. ^66. SalubritaoPuritadeirAria: ^ U %E A 1% 
A Lady of a ferene Al'pe(Sl, and beautiful, cloth'd in Gold ; holding, 

in one hand a white Dove, the other holding up ^ephjrus, or the Weil 

Wind, in the Clouds, with this Motto, SPIRaT LEf^IS AURA FAFOm. 
This iliews the Weft- Wind to be the moft healthful. The white Dove 

is an Emblem of Health, being an Antidote againll Infe^ion, Her AfpecS:^ 

and Gold Habit, denote the fame. 



(^7 ^oMi eniblttns* 

Fig. 267. Sapienza humana: HUMANEWISDOM. 

A Youth with four Hands, and four Ears ; a Quiver by his Side, a 
Rccordei: in his right Hand, and a Lyre in the other, facred to ApolU. 

The Hands denote ^//f and Pr/i^ice, neccdary to get Wifdom, befide 
Contemplatioa The Ears, that to kar others is requifite. The Flute 
and Quiver, that one fliould not be too much t.ikefJ in hearing Encomiums 
ofonesfelf, not unprovided, in cafe of Offence. 

Fig. 268. Scandalo : S C A N D J L. 

An old Man with open Mouth ; a grey Beard, and his Hair finely 
curl'd; a pack of Cards in his right Hand, and a Lute in the lefi; a 
Hautboy and a Mufic-bookat his Feet. 

Old Age denotes the more hainous Offence ; open-mouth, that he 
occafions Scandal, not only in Deeds but in Words. The Cards exposed 
to every ones View is a manifefi Scandd in an old Man efpccially, who 
fliould not give ill Examples to Youth. 

Fig. 269. Scienza: SCIENCE, 
A Woman with Wings on her Head ; a Miroir in her right Hand ; and 
a Bowl in her left, with a Triangle on the Top of it. 

The Wings import the Elevation of the Spirit to the Things that are to 
be learnt. The Giafs denotes Abftra6fion, that is to fay, by Accidents, 
which the Scnie comprehends ; the Underflanding comes to know their 
Nature, as we, by ieeing the accidental Forms of Things in a Glafs, 
confider their Eflcnce : the Bowl, Uniformit'j of Opinions : the Triangle, 
the three Terms in Demonftration, and Knowledge of Things, as three 
•Angles make but one and the fame Figure. 

Fig. 270. Sapienza:. WISDOM, 
A Maid, in theObfcurity of Night, holding a Lamp lighted in one 
Hand, and a great Book in the other 

Young, becaufe Wifdom fo rules and overpowers the Conftellations, 
that can neither make her old, nor deprive her of that Fear of God which 
is ihe Beginning of Wifdom, which is maintain'd in the Soul, without 
being ever diminifli'd by the Darknefs of l^icc, which cannot promote 
Wildom, but involves the Mind in Error and evil Thoughts. The Lamp 
fignifics the Light of the Underdanding. The Book is the Bible, where 
perfcdt Wifdom is to be learnt, and all things nccefiary to Salvation. 

^IP^^^^^ //^^ 

^68.-^^/^^^ ^ 


68 t^ojal CmblcniU* 

Fig. 271. Secretezza, overoTaciturnita: SECRECY. 

A very grave Lady all in black, carrying a Ring to her Mouth, as if 
flic intended to leal it up. 

Grave, bccaufe there is no greater Sign of Lightncfs than to divulge a 
Friends Secrets. In Black denotes Coyjftdncj, never taking any other 
Colour. The Ring is the Emblem of Secrecj and Friendjhif, 

Fig. 271. Scropolo: S C^I^Uf U LOU S NE S S. 

A lean old Man ; very timorous and lliamefacM ; looks up to Heaven ; 
holds a Sieve in both Hands, near a fiery Furnace. 

Lean, becaufc continually tormented with /J^w«>r/f; (hamefac'd, becaufe 
^ttiliy and timorous, as always fearing God's Judgments, Confcience dill 
flying in his Face. The Sieve denotes [c^arAting good Adions from bad ; 
as the Furnace triss Metals. 

F 1 G. 27}. Servitu: S E ^V IT U D B. 

A young Girl; her Hair diQievelled, inalhort, white Gown, a Yoak 
upon her Shoulders ; a Crane by her, holding a Stone in her Foot. 

Young, the better to fupport Labour. Her Hair (hews that thofe who 
depend on others neglcci thm[elves : the Yoak, that llie ought to bear ic 
patiently. The Crane is a Symbol oi VigiUnee, The white Gown, a 
Servant's Faithfulnefs. 

Fic. 274. Seditione civile: CIVIL SEDITION. 

A Woman arm'd with a Halberd in one Hand, and a Branch of ever- 
green Oak in tlie other s two Dogs at her Feet fnarling one at another. 

The Branch fignifies that it being fo ftrong a Plant that it is not eafie to 
be cut in Pieces, yet by flriking one again(l another y they are foon ^r^to ; 
lb the Rcpublick being well guarded, difficultly yields to an Enemy, yet 
chilling one againft another, hy Sedition, foon falls. The two Dogs 
s^cnoic Sedition, vvhich, being of the fame Species, yet quarrel for Meat, 
cr a fait Bitch. 


Jcmm^ .g 


69 fl0o?al Cmbleniflt* 

F I G 275. Sinccrita : S 1 N C E <!( I T t 

A young Woman, in a thin golden Robe : flie holds a human Heart in 
her left Hand, in her right a white Dove; both which fignitic that true 
Sinccricy is incapable o{ Hjpocrific : her Integrity makes her fear nothing : 
i]i€ makes her tidionsmamfef^, by difclofing her Heart to all People. 

F 1 G, 27^. Scverita : S E V E % IT T. 

Ano!d Matron in a royal Habit, with a Laurel Crown ; in one Hand a> 
Club, on which is a naked Ponyard fixt ; in the other a Sceprer ; in the 
Pofture of Commanding. A fierce Tiger at her Feet. 

Her Habit (hews that Men in Dignity, ztcfevsre; the Club, Firmnt(s\ 
the Ponyard, that Severity is inflexible as to inflidling Pttnifhrnsnt, when 
Reafon requires it. 

F I a 277. Sollccitudine : C A ^E. 

Though it commonly makes one old, yet (lie here appears comly; (he 
iswing'd, holding two Hour-glailes ; a Cock at her Heels; and the Sun. 
rifing from the Ocean 

HAndfom denotes her taking Time by the Forelock, and (lopping all- 
the good Things it has : the Wings, ^uickmfs. The Glades and Sun 
fhew that Care and Solicitude is never weary. 

Fig 278. Soccorfo : JS U C C W % 
A Man in Armour, with a drawn S«^ord in one Hand, and an Oaken^ 

Branch, with Acorns on it, in the other. 

Arm'd, to help the weak and necedltous ; the Branch to help in time of 

Scarcity and Famine, with the Acorns ; for anciently Meci had Recourfe 

10 that Fruit in Time of Need, ic being dedicated to Juftter, who (iiccours 

every one, 



Z: 6p 


70 £0o?al CniMems^ 

F 1 G. 179. Simmetria : S Y M M E T ^T 

A '^^'om.ii-j ar pcrfcvfl Age ; naked ; offingular Beauty ; and all her 
Members a'-c uniform, and correfpond with her Beauty ; a Piece of Cloth 
goes crofs her, all fpanglcd with Stars: a curious piece of Architedurc 
by her ; in one Hand is a Plumb line, and the CompaOcs in the other, 
going ro mcallire the Statue of /V/;«i. 

Her Age (hews her arriv'd at her///// Proportion. Naked, to Jlfiv that 
all the Parts ought to corrcl'pond in true Proportions. The hidrumcnts 
are 10 mc^fure the Uniformity. 

Fig 180. Sicurtd: S E C U % 1 T T. 

A Woman in a Slumber, leaning one Hand on a Spear, and the Elbow 
©f the other upon a Pillar. 

The Spear denotes Preeminence and The Pillar, the Covfidencey 
Bcfclittenfs and Firmncfs of a Man, when fecure from Danger ; for Security 
is the Strength of the Mind, that no worldly Affair can dagger; it is an 
immoveable Force of Mind in managing Bufuiefs, for nothing is able to 
divert a Man from his Defign, if grounded on right Realon, who is 
endued with that Quality. 

Fig. 181. Virilica : M A K B V. 

A Woman at fifty Years of Age, in Cloth of Gold ; a Scepter in her 
right Hand, and a Book in her left ; fitting upon a Lion, with a Sword 
by her Side 

The Scepter, Book, Lion and Sword, intimate that at this Age there 
is expected Co^ftili at ion, Rcfciution, 2ind2i generous Determination o{ virtuous 
Aclions; for Manhood is the Age between thirty-five and fifty, when a 
Man is capable of Rcafon, and adts like a rational Man in all Civil and 
Mechanical Anions ; this is the Age wherein a Man gets a Habit that 
may condud him to a good or bad End. 

Fig. 281. Stampa: ? ^ 1 N 7 1 N G. 

A Woman in a white chequei'd Habit with the Letters of the Alphabet 
on it ; holds a Trumpet in one Hand, round which is a Scroul infcribd 
UBIS^E ; and in the other, the Sempervive, or Houfe-leek, with the 
Word SEMPER on ic : a Printing-prcfs by her, with fome Implements^ 

White fhcws that the Impreflion fliould be pure and cor reel. Chequer'd, 
to fignifie the little Boxes for the Letters. UBI^B fignifi s its being, 




y\ iS&m\ emblems* 

Fig. 28^ SoWicio Hiemale: WIKT E% S LSI ICB. 

Aw old Man all in Furs ; a Circle about his Legs, wich Cjpricern in the 
Middle; 11 Globe in one Hand, the firft part of which is hght, and the 
reft obfcurc : holds a Goat under his Arm ; four Wings on his Feet, one 
white, a:id the others black. 

Old, bccauie he has performed three parts of his Journey from /4ri(s to 
C.ivricorn. The Globe lliews every thing quite contrary to the Summn 
Solllice. The Goat, the Suns being at its hi^hi'ft: Point, for it feeds upon 
craggy Rocks. The Colour of the Wings, the Inequality of Day and N/ght> 

F 1 G. 2 84. Solftitio Eftivo ; SUMME^^ S LSTIC R. 

A young Man, naked. Wings on his Feet, feems to retire backward. 
Ears of Corn upon his Head, with a Circle, in which are nine Stars, in 
the Midft of which is Cancer; a Globe in one Hand, the fourth Part o( 
which is darkned, and the reft illuminated ; in the other a Crab-iilh ; 
four Wings parti-coiour'd on his Feet. 

Twenty-five Years denote the fourth Part of Mans Life, as the Sun 
going from Aries to Cancer, has finilh'd the fourth Part of his Courfe. 
Naked (hews excelTive Heat : backward, to (liew that the Sun retires when 
at the Equino(flial : the Stars on his Head, becaufc then the Sun ftarnis - 
perpendicular cv:r us, and makes the Solftice. The Wings (hew the 
continual circular Motion. The Colours denote the Difference of Night 
and Day, at that Time. 

Fig. 285. Softanza: SUSTENANCE. 

A Lady in a Robe of Cloth of Gold ; in her right Hand, a Gleaning of 
Corn, and in her left a Bunch of Grapes, with Milk fpurting out of her 
turgid Breafts 

Thefe allude to the Bounty of Nature, that when we are Infants we arc 
nourilh'd with Milk, when grown to Maturity, with Bread and fVine. 

Flo. 286. Sorte : L U C Kc 
A Female in a changeable Habit, a Crown of Gold, and a full Pur'e, 

in one Hand, and a Cord in the other. 

The Crown and Halter fignifie that by Luck, Happimfs attends fomc, 

and Misfortune others. A poor Man going to hang himfelf finds a Tceafure, 

and leaves the Rope in the Place ; Ik that left the Treafure, finding the 

Rope, hang*d himfelf. 

,^-^^.. yj 

71 ifl^ojal Cmbitms^ 

Fig. 287. Speranza : H T E. 

A young Woman clad in green, crown'd with a Garland of Flowers ; 
lioldiiig a litcle Cupid in her Arms, to whom Ihe gives Suck. 

The Flowers denote //ope, they never appearing without fome Flope 
of Fruit. The Cupid, that £^i;f without Come /lop c, grows languid, and 
is not lafling ; as on the contrary 'tis defpcratc and foon at an End. 

F 1 G. 188. Spavento : FLIGHT 
A Man with a frightful Afped ; in Armour ; with a drawn Sword in 

his right Hand, in a threatning Pofture ; in his left holds Medufas Head. 
His Afpedt and Arms infpire Fear, and his Threats terrify, Medufa's 

Head denotes that F:ar, Domitian us'd to fright People with. 

F 1 G. 289. Splendore del Nome : RENOWN. 

A Man of a pleafant Afped:, well proportioned Limbs, in Cloth of Gold, 
mixt with Purple ; with a Garland of red Hyacinths ; a Gold Chain ; 
leans upon //erculcs's Club with one Hand, and carries a lighted Torch 
in the other. 

His Afped intimates his virtuous Mind^ The Robe fliews him dignified. 
The Hyacinth, Wi[dom and Prudence. The Chain, //onour. The Club, 
the Idea of all Firtues, The Torch denotes Splendour, acquit d by his 
illuftrious Exploits. 

Fig. 290. Spia: J S ^ Y. 

A Man in a noble Habit, hides mod of his Face with his Hat ; his Cloak 
woven with Eyes, Ears and Tongues ; a Lantern in one Hand ; his Feet 
wing'd ; a Spaniel by him on the Ground ; his Nofe in full Scent after his 

His Cloths fliewthat he pradifes amongft Mohkwen, as well as Vulgar ; 
his Face, that he ought to pafs incognito, never difcovering their Deilgns. 
The Eyes, &c. are the /nflmments they ufe to pleafe their Patrons 1 hc_ 
Lantern, that they fpy M^/;/ and Day. The Dog, tlfciryVwc///;?^ ^//; Mens 
Adions, znd ihtir Jnquijitivencfs, 


lF/7^/,^ 72 

75 ^OiHX €tt\Wn\S. 

Fig 291? Studio: STUDY. 

A Youth, with a pale Countenance; in a modcft Garb ; fitting down; 
his left Hand on a Book, lying open, on which he is very intent ; a Pen 
in his right ; a Lamp, and a Cock, on each Side. 

Pale denotes his /'/>/;;!^ away; his Sitting, his fedentary Life; his being 
intent (liews Study to be a great Application oi Mind; the Pen, his Defirc 
to leave fomcthing behind him to make him be remcmbred by others; the 
Lamp, chat Students (pcnd more in 0/7, than Wine. The Cock, FigiUncc, 

Fig. 191. Stratagema militare : Warlike STRATAGEMS* 

A Man in Armour ; a Rapier by his Side ; a Shield on his left Arm, and 
a Frog grav'd on it, with a Piece of Reed crofs his Jaws, over-againft a 
Serpent going to devour him : on one Side, a Leopard ; over his Helmet, 
a Dolphin 

Armd, becaufe he ought to be always upon his Guard. The Dolphin 
was the Badge of CZ/^lfa, the Author of ^rr^r^^^w/, he bore it in memory 
of a Dolphin's having faved his Son. The Frog denotes Pradence, by 
holding a Reed crofs its Mouth ; for knowing herlelfinferiour in Strength 
the Hydra cannot fwallow her, having the Reed crofs-wife. 

F I G. 19J. Temperanza : T E M T E R A N C EJ 

A Gentlewoman holding a Bridle in one Hand, and a Stay of a Clock 
in the other ; an Elephant by her. 

The Bridle and Stay denote the Bufmefs of Temperance to bridle and 
moderate the Appetite and inordinate Faflions , as time ferves. The 
Elephant, becaufe if it has once been accuflom'd to a certain Quantity of 
Meat, it never exceeds, but keeps Itridly to that, and will cat no more. 

F 1 G. 294. Stupidita, ovcro Stolidira : STUflDlTL 
A Woman, her Hand upon the Head of a Goat, with an Eringo-branch 

in her Mouth ; a iV^m//«j-F lower in her left, crown*d with the lame. 
The Goat denotes Stupidity; Ariftotle fays he that has Eyes refembling 

the Colour of Wine, is a Blockhead ; becaufe they refcmble a Goat's Eyes. 

The t^jnijfus is deriv'd from the Greek vccpwn, narchcj (lupid, and Narcijfui 

became fo in love with himlelf, that he grew fiupid and was drown J. 

The Eringo is a fiupifpng Plant. 

, ill. '»''/,/, 

^A/iS-^^^ 73 

74 iS0oiM €\n\At\ns, 

F . G. 295. Theoria : T H E <I{r. 

A vount^ Woman looking upward ; her Hands clafpd together; a pair 
•of CoiDpalTes ovci her Head ; nobly clad in Purple ; fecming to delccnd 
the Scairs. 

The colour of her Garment fliews that the Sky terminates our Sight ; 
t-her Face, that the lotclledl is taken up with celeflUl Things ; the Stairs, 
that Things intelligible have Order, proceeding by Degrees from Things 
near to Things a-far ofT The Compailes are the mod proper Inltrument of 
AJeafarirtg, which perpetuate the Name of an Author. 

F 1 G. 296. Tenacita : STt(IC7KESS. 

An old Woman furrounded with many Wreaths of Ivy; holding, in 
each Hand, Branches of the fame^ 

The Name of Conjlraint is attributed to the Ivy, fignifying to hind and 
trrij}. It was a fad Omen to thePriefts, amongfl the Romans, even to 
touch it, or name it, that they migh£ not ieem to be any Way ftrait-lac'd, 
cither in ^Thought orDctjd, 

F JG. 297. Tolecma : S U F F E %1 K G. 

A Woman that look'^ pretty old, fceming to (upport a huge Stone, with 

To Cufter, is as it were to hea- Come Weight, not taking Notice of its 
Weight, aiming at feme gooil End : So Men ought to bear Fatigues for 
the Love of Virtue. The Motto denotes the End of Suffering, which is 
Reft ^nd^f ietnefsi becaufe the Hope ofprobable i3enefits makes us indure 
all Fatigues willingly. 

F I G. 298. Theologia : THEOLOGY. 

A Lady with two Faces unlike one another ; looking with the youngefl 
toward Heaven ; and upon the Earth with the old Face : fits upon a Globe 
full of Stars: her right Hand on her Breaft, her left toward the Earth; 
holding up her Train ; a Wheel by it. 

The Wheel denotes Divinity, not touching the Earth but by itsCircum' 
ference ; fo (hould a Divine keep himfelf unfpotted from the World. 
Sitting upon the Globe (hews that Divinity repofes in no inferiour thing; 
her Hands, Gravity, I'he Skirt of her Garment fliews that fome Part of 
Divinity extends to /i)j?' Things, tho'ncccflary. 

6 JVz^^ 74 

7 J ^o?ai Emblems* 

Fig. 199. Tregua: T %U C E, 

A U^oman in the Middle of an Ifland, in a calm Sea, fitting upon a 
Bundle of Arms; (he has a Bread-place like B:llon.t, a Hclmec on her 
right Knee ; grafps a Rod, about which arc twilled a WolffiOi, and a 
Mullet, united ; holding in her left, a Dog and a Cat in a Cord, fitting 

Her Place denotes that Truce is like the calm Sea, which does not /^y? 
always : fitting upon Arms tied together, that in time of Truce Hoftilities 
2iiQUid afid;. The Breaft- plate, that in time of Truce, the Care oi iVar 
is in the People's Breafl:. The Fifh fliew that tho' they be mortal Enemies, 
yet at a certain time they ufually meet together. The Dog and Cat ilicw 
the fame. 

Fig. joo. Tragedia: T ^ A G E D J. 

A Gentlewoman all in Mourning ; flie holds a bloody Dagger in her 
right Hand ; behind her, upon the Ground, a Garment of Cloth of Gold, 
and divers precious Jewels ; fliod with Cothurni. 

The Mourning fuics bed with Tragedj, containing nothing but the Ruin 
of Princes, hy violent Death, which isdemonflrated by the bloody Dagger. 
The Cothurni, or Socks, were worn by Princes, to diftinguifli them from 
Peafants. They fliew that Tragedy requires Gravity, and Conceptions, 
neither mean nor trivial. 

Fig. 501. Valore ; V A L U % 

This Man is in his Prime ; his Garment of Cloth of Gold ; a Scepter 
in his right Hand, with a Laurel Garland ; and with his left, heftrokes 
a Lion upon the Head. 

Virility, or Mans Edatc, denotes the Support of Valour and Bravery. 
The Scepter, that Preeminence is due to it. The Laurel, his being ever in . 
the fame Humour. The Lion, the Property of couragious Men, to get the 
Love Q{i\i(i mo^harharous by their Courtefie. 

Fig. joi. Tutela : TUITION. 

A Woman in a red Garment ; a Book of Accompts under a Balance, in 
her right Hand, with the Motto COMPUTA; and in her left, the Skirt 
of her Robe, wherewith Ihe (cems to cover the Nakednefs of a Child, 
ficeping at her Feet, over which is a Lizard, and a Cock on the other 

The Balance and Book fhew that a Tutor is oblig'd to give a jnfl Account 
of his Pupil's Eflace. The Red denotes Love and Charity. Tho Cock, 
FigiUnce, requifitc to the faithful Difcharging of his Duty. The Covering, 
Care ; and the Lizard watches over Men, when they lie carelefly a-fleep.j 


y(> <!po?ai emblems* 

Fig. 30 J. Velocira: S IV 1 F 7 N E S S. 

A voung Woman in a loofc green Habit, in a running Poflurc; holds an 
Arrow in her Hand ; Wings on her Shoulders, and on her Heels, like 
ihofc with which Mercury, (the fwift Mellengcr of the Gods) is painted. 

Ail thefe Ihcw great Sw/finefs. 

Fig. J04. Vanira; FA N IT t 
A young Girl fplendidly adorn'd ; of a jovial Countenance ; painted; 
carries, upon her Head, aDifh with a Heart in it. 

Vanity is that which propofes no End for its Actions ; and therefore 
to be richly cloch'd and painted, is done to plcafc others, for no other 
Fnd but to enjoy a fliort Pleafure, it is a Sign of Canity. It likewifc 
diicovers ics Heart and Thoughts, having no End in its Eye, and therefore 
the Heart is v/Jibleower her Head. 

Fig. ; o 5. Vulgo, overo Ignobilira : IGNO'EILITT. 

A Woman in a fliort Garment, becaufe it was permitted to none but 
noble Women to wear long Robes. Her Hair uncomb'd denotes low, 
plebeian Thoughts, that never rife to any Thing confiderable. Her Afs's 
Ears, that flie is indccHe. An Owl on her Head, which differs from the 
ordinary Birds, snd their Species is not known ; as the Fleheidn has no 
Pedigree. Her fwecping with 3 :^-efom flievvs that the vulgar are employ'd 
infirvile Things, not capable of divine, moral or natural ones. 

Fig. ]o6. Venufla: COMELINESS. 

A beautiful Nym^h of a graceful Afpedl, in changeable Taffata ; on her 
Girdle is embroider'd a Cupid, and Mercury s Rod, holding the Corn- 
Marigold in her right Hand, and the Bird Wagtail in the left. 

Every fair Face is not comely ; Suetonius fay> Nero was vultu pulchro 
tnjgis qnhn v2^uflo Gracefulnefs to Beauty is like Salt to Meat, gives it 
a Relilh^ The Girdle of r^-^^r/j was of Needle-work, and had the V^irtue 
to gee Love The Wagrail, becaufe it had in it an innate Power toexcitc 
^w(jnf<; Thoughts i and they fay a Man LpgmbAkty who is fo graceful 
that he charms. 


7 ^ojal emblems* 

Fig. 507. Mezzodi : SOUTH. 

A Blackmoor Boy ; a Sun upon his Head, furrounding him with its 
Rays; upon his Girdle are the Signs Taurus, yirgo, and Capricornusi 
Arrows in his right Hand, and in his left, a Branch of /-<?////. 

The Zone wherewith he is girded, denote the wmW/>;?.i/ Signs. The 
Arrows, the Sun's Penetrating into the Bowels of the Earth. The Lotus, 
at the Sun's beginning to appear, it appears out of the Water; and 
according as the Sun alcends, io does it ; at Noon it flands upright ; and 
lb, in the Afternoon, it foiiojrs the Sun till it enters into the Water again. 
Fig. ;o8. Oriente : E J S T. 

A pretty Youth, with golden Locks; a fplendid Star over his Head; 
a fcarlet Robe interwoven with Pearl ; his Girdle is cmbroider'd with 
Aries, L^o, and Sagittarius : holds Flowers in his right Hand jufl: ready 
to bloflbni. The Sun is rifen ; the verdant, pleafant Plants, and Birds 
warbling out their Notes : in his left Hand, a perfuming Pot. 

Young denotes that this is the Infancy of Time ; the golden Locks, the 
Sun-heams. The Star is Lucifer, The Jewels, that they come from the 
Eafi The Flowers, that the Sun-beams appearing m the Eafl:, the Fields 
[mile, and the Flowers open. The Perfuming-poc Ihews that [rreet Odours 
come from thence. 

Fig 509. Scttentrionale : N %T H. 

One at Man s Eftate ; of a proud Afpedl ; ruddy Complexion; fair 
Hair; blue Eyes ; in white Armour; fecms to clap his Hand on his 
Sword ; (landing as if he would look upon Urfa major and minor, at the 
fame time. The Sky cloudy, with Frolt and Snow. 

His Habit of Body denotes the ^ality o{ t\\Q cold Climat that makes 
Men have a good Stomach, and quick Digedion. His Pofture, the 
Bravry of the Morth:rn People, by realbn of their Abounding with Blood. 
His looking upon two Scars, as being fix'd Stars, in the h'ortb, which 
never fct. 

Fig. 510. Occidente : WEST. 

Ar\ old Man in a Ruflec Garment, with a red Girdle, in which are 
Gemini, Libra, and Aquarius. He is muzzl'd ; a Star on the Crown of 
his Head ; his right Arm extended towards the Earth, with his little 
Finger (hews the weft Part, where the Sun fets ; with his left holds a 
Bundle of Poppies. The Air duskifh, and Bats flying. 

His Garment denotes the Sun's Setting; and almoft dcpriv'd of Light, 
The Star, Hefperus, over his Head, as appearing it\ the Weft, in'the 
clofe of the Evening The Poppy, Sleep : being a foporiferous Plant. 



78 S0oitil emblems. 

Fig. 5M. Vcrita: V E ^ 1 r Y. 

This naked Beauty, holds a Sun in her right Hand ; in her left, a Book 
open, with a Pahii ; under one Foot the Globe of the World. 

Naked, becaufc downright Simplicity is natural to her. The Sun (hews 
her great Delight in CUarrjcfs. The Book, that the Truth of Things 
may be found in good Authors. The Palm, her Rifin^ the more Ihe is 
dcprcfs'd. The Globe, that being immortal, fhe is the (Irongcft of all 
Things in the World, and therefore tramples upon it. 

Fig. 312. Vergogna honcfta : Modeft ^ASHFULKESS. 

A modcft fweec-look'd Girl, calling down her Eyes ; clad in red ; 
cherrv-cheek'd ; an Elephant's Head for her Head-drefs ; a Falcon in her 
right' Hand, and a ^croul in the left, infcrib'd DTSOPTA PROCUL 

The Cheeks and Gown denote Blufhing ; the Elephant, Bajhfulmfs ; 
fecking Privacy in the venereal Ad: : the Faulcon, Modejl) ; for if it fail 
to catch its Prey, it is lb aiham'd that it can fcarce be reclaimed to the 

F 1 G. 3 1 3. Vigilanza : VIGILANCE. 

The fame Defcription of this as of CARE, whither you are referred. 
Every body knows that the Lamp, Book and Crane, are true Emblems 
of yigiUncc. The Cranes flying together, whei^they would reft fecurely, 
one of them holds a Stone in its Claw ; the other fo long as the Stone 
does not fall, are fecure and fafe by the Vigilance of their Companion, 
and it falls only when the Guard falls alleep, at the Noife of which they 
fly away. 

Fic. 314. Vgualiri: E Q^U J L I T t 
A middle ag'd Woman, holding a Pair of Scales in her right Hand, and 

the Neft of a Swallow feeding her young ones in her left. 

The Scales denote Jtiftice, duly weighing Anions, The Swallow, a 

Father of a Family, dividing his Eftate equally amongft his Children ; 

iniKauing the Swallow that never takes from one to give to another. 



79 fl^o^al tfinblemsi. 

Fig. ?I5. Vimi : F 1 ^ T U E. 

A comly Virgin, has Wings behind ; a Spear in her right Hand, and ia 
her left a Crown of Laurel, and a Sun in her Bofom. 

Young, bccaufe ihc never grows old ; her Adions commencing into 
Habits. The Wings fignifie her fearing aloft far above the Vulgar. The 
Sun, that Virtue infpircs Virtue to the whole Body. The Laurel, that 
fhe IS ever grccrf, being Proof againll K/Vtr. The Spear, Dignity, ruling 
ON er Vice. 

Fig. 316. Verginit.^ ; Vl^GlKllY. 
A pretty Girl cloth'd in white, and crown'd with Gold ; her Waft 
furrounded with a Girdle made of white Wool, which in old time Maids 
wore, called Zom virgima, not to be loosed but by their Husbands on 
the Wedding-night. The white Cloths, and the Emerald flie has about 
her, and Golden Crown denote Purity. 

Fig. 1 1 7. Virtu hcroica : Heroic VI^TU E. 

Hercules naked, leaning upon his Club; a Lion*s Skin about his Arms, 
holding three Golden Apples, brought from the Garden of Hefperides 

The Lion and Club denote the Strength of Virtue, that is immovable ; 
ily, the Apples, bridhng Anger, Temferance in Miches; 3 ly, the generous. 
Defpifing of Pleafure, which is heroic The Club is knotty, to Ihew the 
great D^culties to be met with in living virtuoufly. 

Fig. j\8. Vita breve; Short LIFE. 
A Lady of a juvenile Afped^, with a Garland of various Flowers; in her 
Bread, the Figure of the Hemerohion a little Infed ; in her right Hand \ 
Rofe-branch, round which is written, Ut^A DIES AFERIT, CONFICIJ 
UNA DIES, i e. It is difclos'd, or buds in one Day ; and in her left the 
Fiih Seche, The Garland (hews the Frailty of Man, that lofes his Strength 
as Flowers fade in a moment. The Infcd, the Shortnefs of Life, which 
is but the Prifon of one finglc Day, The Seek is a Fi(h that lives not len^^ 


8o ^o?al Cinbieiusf* 

Fig. ^19. Rettorica: % H E T ^ I C !{, 

A fair Lady, richly cloilid, with a noble Head-dicfs ; very complai- 
fane ; holds up her right Hand open; a Scepter in her left, with a book ; 
on the Skirt of her Petticoat are thefe Words, ORNAlUS PERSUASIO-, 
of a ruddy Complexion, with a Chimera at her Feet. 

Fair and complaifant, bccaufe there is none fo ill bred that is not fcnfiblc 
of x.\\Q Charms of Eloquence, tier open Fland lliews Rhetoric difcourfes 
in a more cfc?i Way than Logic. The Scepter, her Swai over Mens 
Minds. The Bock, Study requifitc. The Motto denotes its Bufwcfs : 
The Chimera, the three Precepts of it ; judicial,, djemonftracive, and 

Fig. po. Forza di Virtu : Force of Vl%TUE, 
'Tis a very handfom young Man, call'd Bellerophon, mounted upon 
Pegafus, who with a Dart kills a Chimera ; which allegorically fignifies a 
certain multiform Variety off^ices, which Bellerofhon kills ; the Etymology 
of his Name denotes a Killer oiHce, 

Fig. jii. Pctefta : Government of a Common-Wealth, 
A Lady refembling Minerva ; an Olive-branch in one Hand, and a 
Shield ; in the other a Javelin ; with a Helmet on her Head. 

Her Deportment, like Minerva, ihews that VVijdom is the Principle of 
good Government. The Helmet, that the Republic ought to be well 
fcrtifed, and /Y«rV from forein Force. The Olive and Dart, that Peace 
and War arc both beneficial to the< Commonwealth : for War, becaufc 
by Experience Valour is attaind ; Peace, becaufe Leifure to acquire 
Prudence to govern. 

Fig. 322. Vitainquieta: UNQ.UIET LIFE, 

Si(yfhm rolling a huge Sione to the Top of a Mountain, which ftill 
falls back again. 

The Mountain denotes the Life of Man; the Top of it, the ^dctnefs 
^nd Trancjuillity oi wh2Z weafpireto; the Stone the great Fains every one 
takes to arrive at it. S/fyphus fignifies the Mind, which always breaths 
after Reft, and (carcc has obtain'd it, but dejires dill ; for (bme place it 
in Riches, fome in Honours, (bme in Learning ; this in Health, that in 
Reputation ; fo that it is found only by accident. 

(, firov^/- 


8 1 03O3tal CinWetns* 

Fig. 52 j. Unione Civile: CIVIL UNI OK 
A Woman of a cheerful, plcafanc Countenance; an Olive-branch in 
one Hand, encircled with Myrtle; the Fifli Scartijm the other. 

The Olive and Myrtle fignifie the Plc.ifurc taken in the amicable Corrc- 
fpondence of Citizens ; for thole Trees are naturally and mutually join'd, 
ib ought Citizens to embrace one another. ThcFilh, mutual Love, for if 
one of them iVallow the Hook, the others haften to bice the Line afunder. 

Fig. ^14. Viralonga: LONG LIFE. 

An ancient Lady, in an antique Habit; laying her right Hand on the 
Head of a Stag, with large Horns, and many Branches; holding a Crow 
in her left Hand. 

The ancient Drefs denotes the Revolution of ma»y Tears : The old 
Stag alluding to that which was found three hundred Years after Jui/us 
C4far, with a Gold Collar infcrib'd, HOC CAESAR ME DONAFIT. 
The Crow outlives the Stag, as 'tis faid. 

F I G. J25. Supcrftitione; SUPERSTITION. 

An old Woman, with a Nightingale on her Head ; an Owl and a Crow 
on each Side, below : in the left Hand, a lighted Candle; in the right 
an Orb, with the Planets, upon which flie gazes with a very timorous 

Old, becaufe fuch Perfons are mofi fuperftUious. The Nightingale is 
raken for a ^^^Omen, which by her Singing in the Night, threatens bad 
Luclr, as does the Owl. The Candle denotes the ardent Zeal fuperftitious 
Perfons think they have ; they fear but do not love God. The Stars, the 
vain Fear of Things ^^^i^^ 2nd Co»flellatio»s ; and doing Things at one 
time, rather than at another ; from whence Aftrology had its Rife, and from 
which Supcrflition flows. 

Fig. J26. Volonta: The WILL. 
A purblind Maid, having Wings on her Back and Feet ; a Gown of 
changeable TafTata ; and ads like one groping out her Way in the Dark. 

lilind, bccaufc Iccing nothing hcrlclf, Ihe walks after Sailc by Gropin^^. 
Her changeable Robe, her wavering between Hope and Fear 1 he Wings 
denote her rcflljs Condition, having found no Rcfl upon Earth, lliG makes 
a generous Eflbrt towardsHcavcn by the\^ ings on her Feeu